"Age Ought to Be a Fact": The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate.

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  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      The article discusses the relationship between birth certificates and child labor laws in the U.S. from the 1870s through the 1930s, including efforts of labor reformers to have employers use age to regulate youth employment. An overview of parents' perspectives on their children's ages, including in regard to their lack of documentation of their children's birth dates, is provided. The role that the U.S. census played in maintaining records on age and birth dates is discussed.
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Associate professor of history, Northwestern University
    • ISSN:
      0021-8723
    • Accession Number:
      10.1093/jahist/jav120
    • Accession Number:
      102492856
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PEARSON, S. J. “Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate. Journal of American History, [s. l.], v. 101, n. 4, p. 1144–1165, 2015. DOI 10.1093/jahist/jav120. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=102492856&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Pearson SJ. “Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate. Journal of American History. 2015;101(4):1144-1165. doi:10.1093/jahist/jav120.
    • APA:
      Pearson, S. J. (2015). “Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate. Journal of American History, 101(4), 1144–1165. https://doi.org/10.1093/jahist/jav120
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Pearson, Susan J. 2015. “‘Age Ought to Be a Fact’: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate.” Journal of American History 101 (4): 1144–65. doi:10.1093/jahist/jav120.
    • Harvard:
      Pearson, S. J. (2015) ‘“Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate’, Journal of American History, 101(4), pp. 1144–1165. doi: 10.1093/jahist/jav120.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Pearson, SJ 2015, ‘“Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate’, Journal of American History, vol. 101, no. 4, pp. 1144–1165, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Pearson, Susan J. “‘Age Ought to Be a Fact’: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate.” Journal of American History, vol. 101, no. 4, Mar. 2015, pp. 1144–1165. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1093/jahist/jav120.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Pearson, Susan J. “‘Age Ought to Be a Fact’: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate.” Journal of American History 101, no. 4 (March 2015): 1144–65. doi:10.1093/jahist/jav120.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Pearson SJ. “Age Ought to Be a Fact”: The Campaign against Child Labor and the Rise of the Birth Certificate. Journal of American History [Internet]. 2015 Mar [cited 2020 Jan 19];101(4):1144–65. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=102492856&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912