The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Africa
      Age groups
      Behavior
      Biology and life sciences
      Children
      Database and informatics methods
      Database searching
      Death rates
      Education
      Ethiopia
      Families
      Geographical locations
      Infants
      Mothers
      Parenting behavior
      People and places
      Population biology
      Population groupings
      Population metrics
      Psychology
      Research and analysis methods
      Research Article
      Research assessment
      Schools
      Social sciences
      Sociology
      Systematic reviews
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      624410 Child Day Care Services
    • Abstract:
      Introduction: Some studies in developing countries have shown that infant mortality is highly associated with maternal education, implying that maternal education might play an important role in the reduction of infant mortality. However, other research has shown that lower levels of maternal education does not have any significant contribution to infant survival. In this systematic review, we focus on the effect of different levels of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia. Methods: MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, Scopus, and Maternity and Infant Care databases were searched between November 15, 2017 and February 20, 2018. All articles published until February 20, 2018 were included in the study. The data extraction was conducted in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Review and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA 2009) guidelines. An I2 test was used to assess heterogeneity and a funnel plot was used to check publication bias. Findings: We retrieved 441 records after removing duplications. During screening, 31 articles were fully accessed for data extraction. Finally, five articles were included for analysis. The overall pooled estimate indicated that attending primary education was associated with a 28% reduction in the odds of infant mortality compared to those infants born to mothers who were illiterate, OR: 0.72 (95% CI = 0.66, 0.78). Another pooled estimate indicated that attending secondary education and above was associated with a 45% reduction in the odds of infant mortality compared to those infants born to mothers who were illiterate, OR: 0.55 (95% CI = 0.47, 0.64). Conclusion: From this study, understanding the long-term impact of maternal education may contribute to reduce infant mortality. Therefore, policy makers should give more attention in promoting the role of women through removing institutional and cultural barriers, which hinder women from access to education in order to reduce infant mortality in Ethiopia. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
      2Research Centre for Generational Health and Ageing, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
      3School of Medicine and Public Health, Faculty of Health and Medicine, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, New South Wales, Australia
    • Full Text Word Count:
      5195
    • ISSN:
      1932-6203
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0220076
    • Accession Number:
      137762343
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KIROSS, G. T. et al. The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, [s. l.], v. 14, n. 7, p. 1–12, 2019. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0220076. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=137762343&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 17 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Kiross GT, Chojenta C, Barker D, Tiruye TY, Loxton D. The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(7):1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220076.
    • APA:
      Kiross, G. T., Chojenta, C., Barker, D., Tiruye, T. Y., & Loxton, D. (2019). The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE, 14(7), 1–12. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0220076
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Kiross, Girmay Tsegay, Catherine Chojenta, Daniel Barker, Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, and Deborah Loxton. 2019. “The Effect of Maternal Education on Infant Mortality in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE 14 (7): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220076.
    • Harvard:
      Kiross, G. T. et al. (2019) ‘The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, PLoS ONE, 14(7), pp. 1–12. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0220076.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Kiross, GT, Chojenta, C, Barker, D, Tiruye, TY & Loxton, D 2019, ‘The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis’, PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 1–12, viewed 17 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Kiross, Girmay Tsegay, et al. “The Effect of Maternal Education on Infant Mortality in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE, vol. 14, no. 7, July 2019, pp. 1–12. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220076.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Kiross, Girmay Tsegay, Catherine Chojenta, Daniel Barker, Tenaw Yimer Tiruye, and Deborah Loxton. “The Effect of Maternal Education on Infant Mortality in Ethiopia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.” PLoS ONE 14, no. 7 (July 29, 2019): 1–12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0220076.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Kiross GT, Chojenta C, Barker D, Tiruye TY, Loxton D. The effect of maternal education on infant mortality in Ethiopia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. PLoS ONE [Internet]. 2019 Jul 29 [cited 2020 Jan 17];14(7):1–12. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=137762343&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912