Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      MIX
      Richardson
      Stratification
      Thermal energy storage
      Water storage
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      238220 Plumbing, Heating, and Air-Conditioning Contractors
      237110 Water and Sewer Line and Related Structures Construction
    • Abstract:
      Abstract: The efficiency of thermal energy storage and solar collector systems is improved if the water tank is stratified. There are many parameters to characterize stratification but no work compares their suitability. This paper identifies the most used dimensionless numbers to characterize stratification in water tanks and studies their suitability. Experiments with different flow rates were done and the dimensionless numbers were determined. Richardson is the best number to define stratification in a water tank, while Mix number presents some problems and a bad behaviour. The other numbers do not clearly characterize stratification but can be useful combined with Richardson. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Renewable Energy: An International Journal is the property of Pergamon Press - An Imprint of Elsevier Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1GREA Innovació concurrent, Universitat de Lleida, Pere de Cabrera s/n, 25001 Lleida, Spain
    • ISSN:
      0960-1481
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020
    • Accession Number:
      50735365
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CASTELL, A. et al. Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates. Renewable Energy: An International Journal, [s. l.], v. 35, n. 10, p. 2192–2199, 2010. DOI 10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=50735365&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 24 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Castell A, Medrano M, Solé C, Cabeza LF. Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates. Renewable Energy: An International Journal. 2010;35(10):2192-2199. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020.
    • APA:
      Castell, A., Medrano, M., Solé, C., & Cabeza, L. F. (2010). Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates. Renewable Energy: An International Journal, 35(10), 2192–2199. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Castell, A., M. Medrano, C. Solé, and L.F. Cabeza. 2010. “Dimensionless Numbers Used to Characterize Stratification in Water Tanks for Discharging at Low Flow Rates.” Renewable Energy: An International Journal 35 (10): 2192–99. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020.
    • Harvard:
      Castell, A. et al. (2010) ‘Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates’, Renewable Energy: An International Journal, 35(10), pp. 2192–2199. doi: 10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Castell, A, Medrano, M, Solé, C & Cabeza, LF 2010, ‘Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates’, Renewable Energy: An International Journal, vol. 35, no. 10, pp. 2192–2199, viewed 24 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Castell, A., et al. “Dimensionless Numbers Used to Characterize Stratification in Water Tanks for Discharging at Low Flow Rates.” Renewable Energy: An International Journal, vol. 35, no. 10, Oct. 2010, pp. 2192–2199. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Castell, A., M. Medrano, C. Solé, and L.F. Cabeza. “Dimensionless Numbers Used to Characterize Stratification in Water Tanks for Discharging at Low Flow Rates.” Renewable Energy: An International Journal 35, no. 10 (October 2010): 2192–99. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2010.03.020.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Castell A, Medrano M, Solé C, Cabeza LF. Dimensionless numbers used to characterize stratification in water tanks for discharging at low flow rates. Renewable Energy: An International Journal [Internet]. 2010 Oct [cited 2020 Jan 24];35(10):2192–9. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=50735365&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912