Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Bricks
      Connections
      Dynamic analysis
      Dynamic tests
      Frames
      Masonry
      Seismic effects
      Veneers
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      444190 Other Building Material Dealers
      423320 Brick, Stone, and Related Construction Material Merchant Wholesalers
      327310 Cement Manufacturing
      238140 Masonry Contractors
    • Abstract:
      The out-of-plane seismic performance of residential brick veneer walls built over wood-frame backup was evaluated as a function of construction detailing. Shake table tests were conducted on a full-scale brick veneer wall panel, with a window opening, representing the gable-end wall of a typical home structure; the structural performance of corrugated sheet metal veneer-to-wood tie connections was also characterized by separate laboratory testing. The wall panel test specimen was prepared following typical construction practice for brick veneer wall systems, in general conformance with current specified prescriptive design and construction requirements. The shake table tests captured the performance of the brick veneer wall system, including interaction and load-sharing between the brick veneer, corrugated sheet metal ties, and wood-frame backup. Detailed three-dimensional finite-element (FE) models were also developed representing the full-scale brick veneer wall panel specimen, including nonlinear inelastic properties for the tie connections. After calibration based on test results, the FE wall panel model effectively captured static and dynamic experimental brick veneer wall behavior at different response levels, up to and including tie damage and even instability/collapse of the wall panel. Parametric studies were then carried out using FE wall panel models to evaluate the effects of certain types and layouts of tie connections, as well as geometric variations in brick veneer wall construction. Overall seismic performance of brick veneer walls was closely related to the individual tie connection deformation limits, especially for damage in tension. The grid spacing of tie connections, as well as tie installation along the edges and in upper regions of the walls, controlled the ultimate behavior of the brick veneer wall panels. Design guides, codes, and current construction practices have been evaluated in light of the overall findings from these experimental and analytical studies. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1Senior Engineer, Thornton Tomasetti, Inc., 330 N. Wabash Ave., Suite 1500, Chicago, IL 60611
      2Associate Professor, Dept. of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 3108 Newmark Lab, Univ. of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 205 N. Mathews Ave., Urbana, IL 61801
    • ISSN:
      0733-9445
    • Accession Number:
      10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169
    • Accession Number:
      51415650
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      RENECKIS, D.; LAFAVE, J. M. Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, [s. l.], v. 136, n. 7, p. 781–794, 2010. DOI 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=51415650&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 6 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Reneckis D, LaFave JM. Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls. Journal of Structural Engineering. 2010;136(7):781-794. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169.
    • APA:
      Reneckis, D., & LaFave, J. M. (2010). Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls. Journal of Structural Engineering, 136(7), 781–794. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Reneckis, Dziugas, and James M. LaFave. 2010. “Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls.” Journal of Structural Engineering 136 (7): 781–94. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169.
    • Harvard:
      Reneckis, D. and LaFave, J. M. (2010) ‘Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls’, Journal of Structural Engineering, 136(7), pp. 781–794. doi: 10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Reneckis, D & LaFave, JM 2010, ‘Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls’, Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 136, no. 7, pp. 781–794, viewed 6 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Reneckis, Dziugas, and James M. LaFave. “Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls.” Journal of Structural Engineering, vol. 136, no. 7, July 2010, pp. 781–794. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Reneckis, Dziugas, and James M. LaFave. “Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls.” Journal of Structural Engineering 136, no. 7 (July 2010): 781–94. doi:10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000169.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Reneckis D, LaFave JM. Out-of-Plane Seismic Performance and Detailing of Brick Veneer Walls. Journal of Structural Engineering [Internet]. 2010 Jul [cited 2019 Dec 6];136(7):781–94. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=a9h&AN=51415650&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912