Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity?

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      childhood vaccines
      drug toxicology
      immunization schedules
      infant mortality rates
      linear regression model
      SIDS
      sudden infant death
      synergistic effects
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      325410 Pharmaceutical and medicine manufacturing
      424210 Drugs and Druggists' Sundries Merchant Wholesalers
    • Abstract:
      The infant mortality rate (IMR) is one of the most important indicators of the socio-economic well-being and public health conditions of a country. The US childhood immunization schedule specifies 26 vaccine doses for infants aged less than 1 year—the most in the world—yet 33 nations have lower IMRs. Using linear regression, the immunization schedules of these 34 nations were examined and a correlation coefficient of r = 0.70 (p < 0.0001) was found between IMRs and the number of vaccine doses routinely given to infants. Nations were also grouped into five different vaccine dose ranges: 12–14, 15–17, 18–20, 21–23, and 24–26. The mean IMRs of all nations within each group were then calculated. Linear regression analysis of unweighted mean IMRs showed a high statistically significant correlation between increasing number of vaccine doses and increasing infant mortality rates, with r = 0.992 (p = 0.0009). Using the Tukey-Kramer test, statistically significant differences in mean IMRs were found between nations giving 12–14 vaccine doses and those giving 21–23, and 24–26 doses. A closer inspection of correlations between vaccine doses, biochemical or synergistic toxicity, and IMRs is essential. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      0960-3271
    • Accession Number:
      10.1177/0960327111407644
    • Accession Number:
      65220041
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MILLER, N. Z.; GOLDMAN, G. S. Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity? Human & Experimental Toxicology, [s. l.], v. 30, n. 9, p. 1420–1428, 2011. Disponível em: . Acesso em: 16 jul. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Miller NZ, Goldman GS. Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity? Human & Experimental Toxicology. 2011;30(9):1420-1428. doi:10.1177/0960327111407644.
    • APA:
      Miller, N. Z., & Goldman, G. S. (2011). Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity? Human & Experimental Toxicology, 30(9), 1420–1428. https://doi.org/10.1177/0960327111407644
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Miller, Neil Z., and Gary S. Goldman. 2011. “Infant Mortality Rates Regressed against Number of Vaccine Doses Routinely given: Is There a Biochemical or Synergistic Toxicity?” Human & Experimental Toxicology 30 (9): 1420–28. doi:10.1177/0960327111407644.
    • Harvard:
      Miller, N. Z. and Goldman, G. S. (2011) ‘Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity?’, Human & Experimental Toxicology, 30(9), pp. 1420–1428. doi: 10.1177/0960327111407644.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Miller, NZ & Goldman, GS 2011, ‘Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity?’, Human & Experimental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 1420–1428, viewed 16 July 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Miller, Neil Z., and Gary S. Goldman. “Infant Mortality Rates Regressed against Number of Vaccine Doses Routinely given: Is There a Biochemical or Synergistic Toxicity?” Human & Experimental Toxicology, vol. 30, no. 9, Sept. 2011, pp. 1420–1428. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0960327111407644.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Miller, Neil Z., and Gary S. Goldman. “Infant Mortality Rates Regressed against Number of Vaccine Doses Routinely given: Is There a Biochemical or Synergistic Toxicity?” Human & Experimental Toxicology 30, no. 9 (September 2011): 1420–28. doi:10.1177/0960327111407644.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Miller NZ, Goldman GS. Infant mortality rates regressed against number of vaccine doses routinely given: Is there a biochemical or synergistic toxicity? Human & Experimental Toxicology [Internet]. 2011 Sep [cited 2019 Jul 16];30(9):1420–8. Available from: http://ezproxy.parker.edu/login?url={targeturl}