CAUTION, DRIVERS! CHILDREN PRESENT: TRAFFIC, POLLUTION, AND INFANT HEALTH.

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  • Additional Information
    • Abstract:
      We investigate the effects of automobile congestion on ambient air pollution and local infant mortality rates using data from California spanning 2002 to 2007. Constructing instrumental variables (IV) using the relationship of traffic, weather conditions, and pollutants, we show that particulate matter, even at modern levels, has large marginal effects on weekly infant mortality rates, especially for premature or low birthweight infants. We also find suggestive evidence of large effects for carbon monoxide, though results are imprecise. Finally, we check estimate sensitivity to nonclassical measurement error in local pollution and show that our IV results are robust to such concerns. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Review of Economics & Statistics is the property of MIT Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of California, Davis, and NBER
      2Cornell University
    • ISSN:
      0034-6535
    • Accession Number:
      10.1162/REST_a_00548
    • Accession Number:
      114724784
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KNITTEL, C. R.; MILLER, D. L.; SANDERS, N. J. Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health. Review of Economics & Statistics, [s. l.], v. 98, n. 2, p. 350–366, 2016. DOI 10.1162/REST_a_00548. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=114724784&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 26 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Knittel CR, Miller DL, Sanders NJ. Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health. Review of Economics & Statistics. 2016;98(2):350-366. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00548.
    • APA:
      Knittel, C. R., Miller, D. L., & Sanders, N. J. (2016). Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health. Review of Economics & Statistics, 98(2), 350–366. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00548
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Knittel, Christopher R., Douglas L. Miller, and Nicholas J. Sanders. 2016. “Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health.” Review of Economics & Statistics 98 (2): 350–66. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00548.
    • Harvard:
      Knittel, C. R., Miller, D. L. and Sanders, N. J. (2016) ‘Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health’, Review of Economics & Statistics, 98(2), pp. 350–366. doi: 10.1162/REST_a_00548.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Knittel, CR, Miller, DL & Sanders, NJ 2016, ‘Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health’, Review of Economics & Statistics, vol. 98, no. 2, pp. 350–366, viewed 26 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Knittel, Christopher R., et al. “Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health.” Review of Economics & Statistics, vol. 98, no. 2, May 2016, pp. 350–366. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1162/REST_a_00548.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Knittel, Christopher R., Douglas L. Miller, and Nicholas J. Sanders. “Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health.” Review of Economics & Statistics 98, no. 2 (May 2016): 350–66. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00548.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Knittel CR, Miller DL, Sanders NJ. Caution, Drivers! Children Present: Traffic, Pollution, and Infant Health. Review of Economics & Statistics [Internet]. 2016 May [cited 2020 Jan 26];98(2):350–66. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=114724784&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912