Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      525120 Health and Welfare Funds
    • Abstract:
      Excess male mortality at early ages is an important source of child inequality in most societies. We examine how improvement in the quality of political institutions affects the male survival disadvantage. Using data on twins in combination with a natural experiment on the development of African institutions, we quantify the distinct effects of biology and preconception environment on the infant mortality sex gap and find that these effects are important only in poor institutions. The analysis implies that improved institutions constrain genetic expression and mitigate preconception influences on excess male infant mortality, which is an optimistic finding with pragmatic implications. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of American Economic Review is the property of American Economic Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Economics, University of Ottawa, 120 University, Ottawa, ON KN1 6N5, Canada (e-mail: )
      2Département de Démographie, Université de Montréal, Pavillon Lionel-Groulx, 3150, rue Jean-Brillant, Montréal, QC H3T 1N8, Canada (e-mail: )
      3Statistics Canada, 150 Tunney's Pasture Driveway, Ottawa, ON K1A OT6, Canada (e-mail: )
    • ISSN:
      0002-8282
    • Accession Number:
      10.1257/aer.p20171146
    • Accession Number:
      123048427
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      PONGOU, R.; KUATE DEFO, B.; TSALA DIMBUENE, Z. Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions. American Economic Review, [s. l.], v. 107, n. 5, p. 541–545, 2017. DOI 10.1257/aer.p20171146. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=123048427&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 18 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Pongou R, Kuate Defo B, Tsala Dimbuene Z. Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions. American Economic Review. 2017;107(5):541-545. doi:10.1257/aer.p20171146.
    • APA:
      Pongou, R., Kuate Defo, B., & Tsala Dimbuene, Z. (2017). Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions. American Economic Review, 107(5), 541–545. https://doi.org/10.1257/aer.p20171146
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Pongou, Roland, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, and Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene. 2017. “Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions.” American Economic Review 107 (5): 541–45. doi:10.1257/aer.p20171146.
    • Harvard:
      Pongou, R., Kuate Defo, B. and Tsala Dimbuene, Z. (2017) ‘Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions’, American Economic Review, 107(5), pp. 541–545. doi: 10.1257/aer.p20171146.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Pongou, R, Kuate Defo, B & Tsala Dimbuene, Z 2017, ‘Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions’, American Economic Review, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 541–545, viewed 18 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Pongou, Roland, et al. “Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions.” American Economic Review, vol. 107, no. 5, May 2017, pp. 541–545. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1257/aer.p20171146.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Pongou, Roland, Barthelemy Kuate Defo, and Zacharie Tsala Dimbuene. “Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions.” American Economic Review 107, no. 5 (May 2017): 541–45. doi:10.1257/aer.p20171146.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Pongou R, Kuate Defo B, Tsala Dimbuene Z. Excess Male Infant Mortality: The Gene-Institution Interactions. American Economic Review [Internet]. 2017 May [cited 2020 Jan 18];107(5):541–5. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=123048427&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912