Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      This paper reports estimates of the biological and behavioral linkages between infant mortality and fertility in the U.S., which take into account heterogeneity in health and parents choice of health inputs. It discusses preliminary estimates of the biological effects of birth order on infant death in the U.S. and the effects of changes in the expected exogenous component of mortality on fertility. To obtain the instrumental variables needed to estimate the mortality production function, state and county level information on health programs and prices were merged-with the household socioeconomic and health data. The regressors in the demand equations for the six health-related behavioral variables included the schooling of the parents, the age-adjusted income of the father, local governmental health and hospital expenditures per capita, and the regional mix of employment by industry group. Results suggest that the average number of children per mother would increase by one-sixth of a child if an infant mortality rate of 0.1 were anticipated. The positive associations between infant mortality and fertility seen in the gross correlations and in ordinary least squares estimates appear to mask a negative biological effect of birth order on infant mortality and a substantial positive behavioral response of fertility to the anticipation of a higher mortality risk.
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Department of Economics, University of Minnesota.
      2Yale University.
    • ISSN:
      0002-8282
    • Accession Number:
      4507061
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      ROSENZWEIG, M. R.; SCHULTZ, T. P. Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality. American Economic Review, [s. l.], v. 73, n. 2, p. 38, 1983. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 23 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Rosenzweig MR, Schultz TP. Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality. American Economic Review. 1983;73(2):38. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed January 23, 2020.
    • APA:
      Rosenzweig, M. R., & Schultz, T. P. (1983). Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality. American Economic Review, 73(2), 38. Retrieved from http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Rosenzweig, Mark R., and T. Paul Schultz. 1983. “Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality.” American Economic Review 73 (2): 38. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Rosenzweig, M. R. and Schultz, T. P. (1983) ‘Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality’, American Economic Review, 73(2), p. 38. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 23 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Rosenzweig, MR & Schultz, TP 1983, ‘Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality’, American Economic Review, vol. 73, no. 2, p. 38, viewed 23 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Rosenzweig, Mark R., and T.Paul Schultz. “Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality.” American Economic Review, vol. 73, no. 2, May 1983, p. 38. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Rosenzweig, Mark R., and T. Paul Schultz. “Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality.” American Economic Review 73, no. 2 (May 1983): 38. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Rosenzweig MR, Schultz TP. Consumer Demand and Household Production: The Relationship between Fertility and Child Mortality. American Economic Review [Internet]. 1983 May [cited 2020 Jan 23];73(2):38. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=4507061&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912