Infant mortality, relative income and public policy.

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  • Additional Information
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      health care
      inequality
      infant mortality
      welfare
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      525120 Health and Welfare Funds
    • Abstract:
      Do health outcomes depend on relative income as well as on an individual's absolute level of income? We use infant mortality as a health status indicator and find a significant and positive link between infant mortality and income inequality using cross-national data for 93 countries. Holding constant the income of each of the three poorest quintiles of a country's population, we find that an increase in the income of the upper 20% of the income distribution is associated with higher, not the lower infant mortality. Our results are robust and not just caused by the concave relationship between income and health. The estimates imply a decrease in infant mortality by 1.5% for a one percentage point decrease in the income share of the richest quintile. The overall results are sensitive to public policy: public health care expenditure, educational outcomes, and access to basic sanitation and safe water can explain the inequality–health relationship. Thus, our findings support the hypothesis of public disinvestment in human capital in countries with high income inequality. However, we are not able to determine whether public policy is a confounder or mediator of the relationship between income distribution and health. Relative deprivation caused by the income distance between an individual and the individual's reference group is another possible explanation for a direct effect from income inequality to health. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Applied Economics is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1McKinsey Corporation, San Francisco, USA
      2Economia e Istituzioni, Universitá di Roma, Via Columbia 2, Roma 00133, Italy
    • ISSN:
      0003-6846
    • Accession Number:
      10.1080/00036846.2012.705429
    • Accession Number:
      79644533
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TACKE, T.; WALDMANN, R. Infant mortality, relative income and public policy. Applied Economics, [s. l.], v. 45, n. 22, p. 3240–3254, 2013. DOI 10.1080/00036846.2012.705429. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=79644533&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Tacke T, Waldmann R. Infant mortality, relative income and public policy. Applied Economics. 2013;45(22):3240-3254. doi:10.1080/00036846.2012.705429.
    • APA:
      Tacke, T., & Waldmann, R. (2013). Infant mortality, relative income and public policy. Applied Economics, 45(22), 3240–3254. https://doi.org/10.1080/00036846.2012.705429
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Tacke, Tilman, and RobertJ. Waldmann. 2013. “Infant Mortality, Relative Income and Public Policy.” Applied Economics 45 (22): 3240–54. doi:10.1080/00036846.2012.705429.
    • Harvard:
      Tacke, T. and Waldmann, R. (2013) ‘Infant mortality, relative income and public policy’, Applied Economics, 45(22), pp. 3240–3254. doi: 10.1080/00036846.2012.705429.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Tacke, T & Waldmann, R 2013, ‘Infant mortality, relative income and public policy’, Applied Economics, vol. 45, no. 22, pp. 3240–3254, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Tacke, Tilman, and RobertJ. Waldmann. “Infant Mortality, Relative Income and Public Policy.” Applied Economics, vol. 45, no. 22, Aug. 2013, pp. 3240–3254. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/00036846.2012.705429.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Tacke, Tilman, and RobertJ. Waldmann. “Infant Mortality, Relative Income and Public Policy.” Applied Economics 45, no. 22 (August 2013): 3240–54. doi:10.1080/00036846.2012.705429.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Tacke T, Waldmann R. Infant mortality, relative income and public policy. Applied Economics [Internet]. 2013 Aug [cited 2020 Jan 19];45(22):3240–54. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=79644533&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912