International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      International infant mortality statistics have caused concern in the United States, since the US ranking relative to other developed countries has declined since World War II. This paper suggests that there may be international differences in reporting of very-low-birth-weight infants and perinatal deaths and that such reporting differences bias comparisons of national perinatal and infant mortality rates. Efforts must be made to adopt standard conventions for the inclusion of small, early infants and fetal deaths in rate calculations. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of American Journal of Public Health is the property of American Public Health Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Mathematica Policy Research, Washington, DC
      2Epidemiology Research Unit on Women and Children's Health, INSERM, Villejuif, Cedex, France
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • Accession Number:
      10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850
    • Accession Number:
      9406223465
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      HOWELL, E. M.; BLONDEL, B. International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 84, n. 5, p. 850–852, 1994. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=9406223465&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Howell EM, Blondel B. International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences. American Journal of Public Health. 1994;84(5):850-852. doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850.
    • APA:
      Howell, E. M., & Blondel, B. (1994). International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences. American Journal of Public Health, 84(5), 850–852. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Howell, Embry M., and Béatrice Blondel. 1994. “International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences.” American Journal of Public Health 84 (5): 850–52. doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850.
    • Harvard:
      Howell, E. M. and Blondel, B. (1994) ‘International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences’, American Journal of Public Health, 84(5), pp. 850–852. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Howell, EM & Blondel, B 1994, ‘International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 84, no. 5, pp. 850–852, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Howell, Embry M., and Béatrice Blondel. “International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 84, no. 5, May 1994, pp. 850–852. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Howell, Embry M., and Béatrice Blondel. “International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences.” American Journal of Public Health 84, no. 5 (May 1994): 850–52. doi:10.2105/AJPH.84.5.850.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Howell EM, Blondel B. International Infant Mortality Rates: Bias from Reporting Differences. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 1994 May [cited 2020 Jan 19];84(5):850–2. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=9406223465&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912