LEAD AND MORTALITY.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • NAICS/Industry Codes:
      331491 Nonferrous Metal (except Copper and Aluminum) Rolling, Drawing, and Extruding
    • Abstract:
      This paper examines the effect of waterborne lead exposure on infant mortality in American cities over the period 1900 to 1920. Variation across cities in water acidity and the types of service pipes, which together determined the extent of lead exposure, identifies the effects of lead on infant mortality. In 1900, a decline in exposure equivalent to an increase in pH from 6.675 (25th percentile) to 7.3 (50th percentile) in cities with lead-only pipes would have been associated with a decrease in infant mortality of 7% to 33%, or at least twelve fewer infant deaths per 1,000 live births. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Review of Economics & Statistics is the property of MIT Press and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • Author Affiliations:
      1Carnegie Mellon University
      2NBER
      3University of Pittsburgh
      4Colgate University
    • ISSN:
      0034-6535
    • Accession Number:
      10.1162/REST_a_00396
    • Accession Number:
      97141468
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      CLAY, K.; TROESKEN, W.; HAINES, M. Lead and Mortality. Review of Economics & Statistics, [s. l.], v. 96, n. 3, p. 458–470, 2014. DOI 10.1162/REST_a_00396. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=97141468&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 25 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Clay K, Troesken W, Haines M. Lead and Mortality. Review of Economics & Statistics. 2014;96(3):458-470. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00396.
    • APA:
      Clay, K., Troesken, W., & Haines, M. (2014). Lead and Mortality. Review of Economics & Statistics, 96(3), 458–470. https://doi.org/10.1162/REST_a_00396
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Clay, Karen, Werner Troesken, and Michael Haines. 2014. “Lead and Mortality.” Review of Economics & Statistics 96 (3): 458–70. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00396.
    • Harvard:
      Clay, K., Troesken, W. and Haines, M. (2014) ‘Lead and Mortality’, Review of Economics & Statistics, 96(3), pp. 458–470. doi: 10.1162/REST_a_00396.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Clay, K, Troesken, W & Haines, M 2014, ‘Lead and Mortality’, Review of Economics & Statistics, vol. 96, no. 3, pp. 458–470, viewed 25 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Clay, Karen, et al. “Lead and Mortality.” Review of Economics & Statistics, vol. 96, no. 3, July 2014, pp. 458–470. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1162/REST_a_00396.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Clay, Karen, Werner Troesken, and Michael Haines. “Lead and Mortality.” Review of Economics & Statistics 96, no. 3 (July 2014): 458–70. doi:10.1162/REST_a_00396.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Clay K, Troesken W, Haines M. Lead and Mortality. Review of Economics & Statistics [Internet]. 2014 Jul [cited 2020 Jan 25];96(3):458–70. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=bth&AN=97141468&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912