Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.

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  • Author(s): Woodruff TJ; Darrow LA; Parker JD
  • Source:
    Environmental Health Perspectives (ENVIRON HEALTH PERSPECT), Jan2008; 116(1): 110-115. (6p)
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Institute for Health Policy Studies, 3333 California St., Suite 265, San Francisco, CA 94118 USA; woodruff@obgyn.ucsf.edu
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      OBJECTIVE: Our goal was to evaluate the relationship between cause-specific postneonatal infant mortality and chronic early-life exposure to particulate matter and gaseous air pollutants across the United States. METHODS: We linked county-specific monitoring data for particles with aerodiameter of < or = 2.5 microm (PM2.5) and < or = 10 microm (PM10), ozone, sulfur dioxide, and carbon monoxide to birth and death records for infants born from 1999 to 2002 in U.S. counties with > 250,000 residents. For each infant, we calculated the average concentration of each pollutant over the first 2 months of life. We used logistic generalized estimating equations to estimate odds ratios of postneonatal mortality for all causes, respiratory causes, sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), and all other causes for each pollutant, controlling for individual maternal factors (race, marital status, education, age, and primiparity), percentage of county population below poverty, region, birth month, birth year, and other pollutants. This analysis includes about 3.5 million births, with 6,639 postneonatal infant deaths. RESULTS: After adjustment for demographic and other factors and for other pollutants, we found adjusted odds ratios of 1.16 [95% confidence interval (CI), 1.06-1.27] for a 10-mug/m3 increase in PM10 for respiratory causes and 1.20 (95% CI, 1.09-1.32) for a 10-ppb increase in ozone and deaths from SIDS. We did not find relationships with other pollutants and for other causes of death (control category). CONCLUSIONS: This study supports particulate matter air pollution being a risk factor for respiratory-related postneonatal mortality and suggests that ozone may be associated with SIDS in the United States.
    • Journal Subset:
      Blind Peer Reviewed; Editorial Board Reviewed; Peer Reviewed; Public Health; USA
    • ISSN:
      0091-6765
    • MEDLINE Info:
      PMID: NLM18197308 NLM UID: 0330411
    • Publication Date:
      20080425
    • Publication Date:
      20150711
    • Accession Number:
      105900502
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      WOODRUFF TJ; DARROW LA; PARKER JD. Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002. Environmental Health Perspectives, [s. l.], v. 116, n. 1, p. 110–115, 2008. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA, Parker JD. Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2008;116(1):110-115. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed January 19, 2020.
    • APA:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA, & Parker JD. (2008). Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002. Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(1), 110–115. Retrieved from http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA, and Parker JD. 2008. “Air Pollution and Postneonatal Infant Mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.” Environmental Health Perspectives 116 (1): 110–15. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA and Parker JD (2008) ‘Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002’, Environmental Health Perspectives, 116(1), pp. 110–115. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 19 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA & Parker JD 2008, ‘Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002’, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 110–115, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Woodruff TJ, et al. “Air Pollution and Postneonatal Infant Mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 116, no. 1, Jan. 2008, pp. 110–115. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA, and Parker JD. “Air Pollution and Postneonatal Infant Mortality in the United States, 1999-2002.” Environmental Health Perspectives 116, no. 1 (January 2008): 110–15. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Woodruff TJ, Darrow LA, Parker JD. Air pollution and postneonatal infant mortality in the United States, 1999-2002. Environmental Health Perspectives [Internet]. 2008 Jan [cited 2020 Jan 19];116(1):110–5. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=105900502&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912