Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder.

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  • Author(s): Grover, S.; Kate, N.; Chakrabarti, S.; Avasthi, A.
  • Source:
    East Asian Archives of Psychiatry (EAST ASIAN ARCH PSYCHIATRY), Dec2017; 27(4): 131-141. (11p)
  • Publication Type:
    Article - CEU, research, tables/charts
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India
      Former Senior Resident, Department of Psychiatry, Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education & Research, Chandigarh, India
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: To evaluate the positive aspects of caregiving and its correlates (socio-demographic and clinical variables, caregiver burden, coping, quality of life, psychological morbidity) in the primary caregivers of patients with bipolar affective disorder (BPAD). Methods: A total of 60 primary caregivers of patients with a diagnosis of BPAD were evaluated on the Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience (SPACE) and the Hindi version of Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire, Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS), modified Hindi version of Coping Checklist, shorter Hindi version of the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL-BREF), and Hindi translated version of 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12). Results: Caregivers of patients with BPAD had the highest mean score in the SPACE domain of Motivation for caregiving role (2.45), followed by Caregiver satisfaction (2.38) and Caregiving personal gains (2.20). The mean score was the lowest for the domain of Self-esteem and social aspect of caring (2.01). In terms of correlations, age of onset of BPAD had a negative correlation with various domains of SPACE. The mean number of total lifetime affective and depressive episodes correlated positively with Self-esteem and social aspect of caring. Caregiver satisfaction correlated negatively with FBIS domains of Disruption of routine family activities, Effect on mental health of others, and subjective burden. Coercion as a coping mechanism correlated positively with domains of Caregiving personal gains, Caregiver satisfaction, and the total score on SPACE. Three (Physical health, Psychological health, Environment) out of 5 domains of the WHOQOL-BREF correlated positively with the total SPACE score. No association was noted between GHQ-12 and SPACE scores. Conclusion: Positive caregiving experience in primary caregivers of patients with BPAD is associated with better quality of life of the caregivers.
    • Journal Subset:
      Asia; Biomedical; Peer Reviewed
    • Instrumentation:
      Family Burden Interview Schedule (FBIS)
      World Health Organization Quality of Life Measure Abbreviated Version (WHOQOL-BREF) [Hindi]
      Scale for Positive Aspects of Caregiving Experience (SPACE)
      Involvement Evaluation Questionnaire (IEQ) [adapted] [Hindi]
      Coping Checklist [Hindi]
      12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) [Hindi]
    • ISSN:
      2078-9947
    • Publication Date:
      20171226
    • Publication Date:
      20171226
    • Accession Number:
      126914659
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GROVER, S. et al. Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, [s. l.], v. 27, n. 4, p. 131–141, 2017. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 1 out. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Grover S, Kate N, Chakrabarti S, Avasthi A. Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry. 2017;27(4):131-141. Accessed October 1, 2020. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • APA:
      Grover, S., Kate, N., Chakrabarti, S., & Avasthi, A. (2017). Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 27(4), 131–141.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Grover, S., N. Kate, S. Chakrabarti, and A. Avasthi. 2017. “Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder.” East Asian Archives of Psychiatry 27 (4): 131–41. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Grover, S. et al. (2017) ‘Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder’, East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, 27(4), pp. 131–141. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 1 October 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Grover, S, Kate, N, Chakrabarti, S & Avasthi, A 2017, ‘Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder’, East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 4, pp. 131–141, viewed 1 October 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Grover, S., et al. “Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder.” East Asian Archives of Psychiatry, vol. 27, no. 4, Dec. 2017, pp. 131–141. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Grover, S., N. Kate, S. Chakrabarti, and A. Avasthi. “Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder.” East Asian Archives of Psychiatry 27, no. 4 (December 2017): 131–41. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Grover S, Kate N, Chakrabarti S, Avasthi A. Positive Aspects of Caregiving and Its Correlates among Caregivers of Bipolar Affective Disorder. East Asian Archives of Psychiatry [Internet]. 2017 Dec [cited 2020 Oct 1];27(4):131–41. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=ccm&AN=126914659&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912