PENGARUH KONSUMSI TEMPE KEDELAI GROBOGAN TERHADAP PROFIL SERUM, HEMATOLOGI DAN ANTIOKSIDAN TIKUS. (Indonesian)

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    • Alternate Title:
      Effect of Grobogan Soybean Tempe Consumption on Rats' Serum Profiles, Hematology, and Antioxidant. (English)
    • Abstract:
      Tempe is a potential source of protein for 250 million people in Indonesia. Indonesian soybean demand reached 2.2 million tons per year, and 1.3 million tons of which are used for tempe production. Approximately 70% of the soybeans are imported from different countries. To improve national food security, it is important to use local soybean as a raw material. Therefore, this study used Grobogan local soybean as raw material. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the impact of the consumption of tempe (from local soybean Grobogan) in the long term, ie over a 90-day subchronic test using rats as a model. Parameters measured were serum biochemical profile, hematology, malonaldehyde (MDA), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) in liver and kidney organs of rats. This research was conducted using three groups of rats which were fed tempe, boiled soybean, and casein as a source of protein in the ration. Data feed convertion efficiency showed that tempe of Grobogan soybean had a better protein quality than that of boiled soybean and casein. As compared to the groups of rats fed with boiled soybean and casein, the group fed with tempe had a higher HDL cholesterol, however no significant difference was observed in the hematological parameters, MDA and SOD in liver and kidney organs. This suggests consumption of tempe made from Grobogan soybean in the long term does not have a negative impact on health. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Tempe merupakan sumber protein yang sangat potensial bagi 250 juta penduduk Indonesia. Kebutuhan kedelai Indonesia mencapai 2.2 juta ton/tahun, dan 1.3 juta ton di antaranya digunakan untuk produksi tempe. Sekitar 70% dari kedelai tersebut diimpor dari berbagai negara. Untuk meningkatkan ketahanan pangan nasional, sangat penting untuk menggunakan kedelai lokal sebag ai bahan baku pembuatan tempe. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini menggunakan kedelai lokal Grobogan sebagai bahan bakunya. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengevaluasi dampak konsumsi tempe (dari kedelai lokal Grobogan) dalam jangka panjang, yaitu melalui uji subkronis selama 90 hari dengan menggunakan tikus percobaan. Parameter yang diamati adalah profil biokimia serum, hematologi, malonaldehida (MDA), dan superoksida dismutase (SOD) pada organ hati dan ginjal tikus percobaan. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan menggunakan tiga kelompok tikus yang diberi pakan tempe, kedelai rebus dan kasein sebagai sumber protein di dalam ransum. Data feed convertion efficiency menunjukkan tempe kedelai Grobogan memiliki kualitas protein yang lebih baik dibandingkan kedelai rebus dan kasein. Dibandingkan dengan tikus kelompok kedelai rebus dan kasein, maka tikus kelompok tempe memiliki kolesterol HDL yang lebih tingg i, tetapi tidak berbeda nyata pada parameter hematologi, MDA dan SOD hati dan ginjal tikus percobaan. Hal ini menunjukkan konsumsi tempe dari kedelai Grobogan dalam jangka panjang tidak berdampak negatif terhadap kesehatan. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Journal of Food Technology & Industry / Jurnal Teknologi & Industri Pangan is the property of Bogor Agricultural University, Department of Food Science & Technology and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)