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    • Abstract:
      In the City of New York during the three years 1945-1947, 2,060 infants of resident non-white parentage died before completing the first year of their lives. If the same infant mortality rate had prevailed among them as among infants of white parentage, only 1,130 would have died. For these three years the annual average non-white infant mortality rate was 87 percent higher than the white rate. These striking contrasts are not limited to the City of New York, and in a general way they are well known to public health workers. In 1940 the Negro infant mortality rate in the U.S. cities with a population over 100,000 was 62 percent higher than the white rate, in 1946 it was 63 percent higher. Recently public attention has been focused on the mechanisms through which the non-white or Negro segment of the population is relegated to an under-privileged status. In urban areas one of these mechanisms is residential segregation, the systematic effort to deny the Negro dwelling rights in any but a designated area of the city. It seemed appropriate therefore to examine the possible relationship of residential segregation and fetal and infant deaths among urban Negroes and whites.