OCCUPATIONAL LEVEL AND MARITAL DISRUPTION.

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    • Abstract:
      This article focuses on the relation between occupational level and marital conflict. The whole area of marital stability and socio-economic status has received little attention from research sociologists. Students of the class structure, for example, have shown little or no interest in relative class frequencies of divorce and separation. And while the major marital adjustment surveys have all included an analysis of socio-economic variables, for very practical reasons most of these surveys have centered attention largely or entirely on the upper-middle and upper classes. In the smaller psychological or sociological studies reporting on specific phases of marital adjustment, sexual factors and personality patterns have been investigated extensively while socio-economic variables are largely ignored. However, the lowest occupational groups seem to experience widespread desertions which are not reported in the same ratio as the middle or upper occupational groups. Deserted wives in this instance may not wish to see their husbands return and may not report their spouses to the court. This could account for the fact that among Negroes the lowest classes are underrepresented in reported desertion cases, since in these groups the failure of the husband to assume his marital responsibilities is still a lingering tradition.