FAKTOR PENENTU KEBERHASILAN TEKNIS PENANGKARAN KAKATUA KECIL JAMBUL KUNING (Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea). (Indonesian)

Item request has been placed! ×
Item request cannot be made. ×
loading   Processing Request
  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Determinant factors of technical succesfull on captive breeding of yellow-crested cockatoo - (Cacatua sulphurea sulphurea). (English)
    • Abstract:
      Technically, key indators of bird captive breeding successfullness are marked by successful of reproduction, low rate of mortality and well growing and development offspring in captivity. There are many technical factors of captivity that are allegedly to be determinant of birds captive breeding successfulness. Based on these reason, the study was aimed to: (1) analyize and synthesize the technical aspects of yellow-crested cockatoo captive breeding that are applied in several captivity sites, and (2) analyze the technical factors as determinant of the yellow-crested cockatoo captive breeding successfulness. The study was conducted in March-May 2015 in five bird captive breeding sites in Bogor, Bandung and Jakarta. Data was collected through field observations by following bird maintenance activities in captivity and interviews, then collected data were analyzed by qualitative descriptive. Technical factors determinant analysis was carried out using the PCA (Principle Component Analysis) method. The results showed that from the five captive breeding sites, two units (40%) were classified as successful birds captive breeding sites, two units (40%) were classified as unsuccessful namely successfully laying eggs but had not hatched, and one unit (20%) was unsuccessful captive breeding (unable to lay eggs). Technically, successful captivity of the yellow-crested cockatoo minimally is maintained in a square cage with at least 1.5 x 3 x 3 m3 size, equipped with enrichment in the form of palm trees, wood of bird perch, nesting box, food and water container. Feed given in the form of grains (corn, beans, kuaci), fruits (bananas, papaya) and vegetables, as well as the additional food in the form of porridge. In general, captivity management that are applied at the sample site can be stated to be quite good and successful, marked by the success of bird breeding and no bird deaths were found. There are two determinant factors of the technical success of captivity that must receive attention, namely feed factors, health care factors and medical measures. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Secara teknis, indikator kunci keberhasilan suatu unit penangkaran burung ditandai oleh keberhasilan perkembangbiakan burung yang ditangkarkan, rendahnya tingkat kematian dan tumbuh dan berkembangnya anak burung dengan baik dan sehat. Ada banyak faktor teknis penangkaran yang diduga kuat sebagai penentu keberhasilan penangkaran burung. Berdasarkan pemikiran itu, penelitian ini penting dilakukan dengan tujuan: (1) menganalisis dan mensintesis aspek teknis penangkaran kakatua kecil jambul kuning yang diterapkan di beberapa lokasi penangkaran, dan (2) menganalisis faktor-faktor teknis sebagai penentu keberhasilan penangkaran kakatua kecil jambul kuning. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Maret- Mei 2015 di lima lokasi contoh penangkaran di Bogor, Bandung, dan Jakarta. Data dikumpulkan melalui observasi lapang dengan cara mengikuti kegiatan pemeliharaan burung di penangkaran dan wawancara, selanjutnya data yang terkumpul dianalisis secara deskroptif kualitatif. Analisis faktor penentu keberhasilan teknis penangkaran dilakukan dengan metode PCA (Principle Component Analysis). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa dari lima lokasi contoh penangkaran, dua unit (40%) tergolong berhasil mengembangbiakan burung, dua unit (40%) tergolong kurang berhasil yakni berhasil bertelur namun telurnya belum berhasil menetas, dan satu unit (20%) tergolong tidak berhasil berkembangbiak (tidak berhasil bertelur). Secara teknis, praktek penangkaran burung kakatua yang berhasil minimal dipelihara dalam kandang berbentuk persegi dengan ukuran kandang minimal 1,5 x 3 x 3 m3, dilengkapi dengan enrichment berupa pohon palm, kayu tangkaran, kotak sarang dan tempat pakan dan minum. Pakan yang diberikan berupa bijian (jagung, kacang, kuaci), buah-buahan (pisang, pepaya) dan sayuran, serta pakan tambahan berupa bubur. Secara umum manajemen penangkaran yang diterapkan di lokasi contoh dapat dinyatakan cukup baik dan berhasil ditandai adanya keberhasilan pengembangbiakan burung dan tidak ditemukan adanya kematian burung yang ditangkarkan. Ada dua faktor penentu keberhasilan teknis penangkaran yang harus mendapat perhatian yakni faktor pakan, faktor perawatan kesehatan dan tindakan medis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Media Konservasi is the property of Media Konservasi and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)