THE NEGRO MINER IN WEST VIRGINIA.

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    • Abstract:
      Although studies of Afro-American migration of the past two decades have pointed out the fact that every large exodus of Afro-Americans from the south has contained a number whose destination was the mining fields of West Virginia no sociological study has appeared of Afro-Americans in this area. Here Afro-Americans occupy a unique position; more miners work in the coal mines of West Virginia than in those of any other state. Although they formed only 6.6 per cent of the population of the state in 1930 they constituted 21.8 per cent of all miners. The purpose of the study, of which this article is a brief summary, is to provide sociological data concerning this group, first, by discussion of the origin, development, and present status of the Afro-American miners of West Virginia, and, second, by describing in some detail certain aspects of the Afro-American culture in the mining fields. Information was obtained by personal interviews with employers, miners, Afro-American teachers, preachers, and other persons who could furnish factual material concerning the Afro-Americans in the mining fields.