Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?

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  • Author(s): Butt, Ahsan I.
  • Source:
    Security Studies; Apr/May2019, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p250-285, 36p
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2019
    • Abstract:
      Why did the United States invade Iraq in 2003? Most scholars cite the nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction (WMD), a neoconservative desire to spread democracy, or the placating of domestic interest groups as the Bush administration's objectives, but I suggest these arguments are flawed. Instead, I proffer the "performative war" thesis resting on the concepts of status, reputation, and hierarchy to explain the Iraq war. Hegemons desire generalized deterrence, such that others do not challenge their territory, preferences, or rule. However, the challenging of a hegemon's authority—as occurred on 9/11—generates a need to assert hegemony and demonstrate strength to a global audience. Only fighting a war can demonstrate such strength; no peaceful bargain, even a lopsided one, can achieve the same effect. Consistent with this framework, the United States fought Iraq mainly for its demonstration effect—defeating the recalcitrant Saddam would lead other states to fear the United States and submit to its authority and global order. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Security Studies is the property of Routledge and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      09636412
    • Accession Number:
      136461083
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BUTT, A. I. Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003? Security Studies, [s. l.], v. 28, n. 2, p. 250, 2019. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 6 jul. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Butt AI. Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003? Security Studies. 2019;28(2):250. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed July 6, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Butt AI. Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003? Security Studies. 2019;28(2):250. Accessed July 6, 2020. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • APA:
      Butt, A. I. (2019). Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003? Security Studies, 28(2), 250.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Butt, Ahsan I. 2019. “Why Did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?” Security Studies 28 (2): 250. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Butt, A. I. (2019) ‘Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?’, Security Studies, 28(2), p. 250. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 6 July 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Butt, AI 2019, ‘Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?’, Security Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, p. 250, viewed 6 July 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Butt, Ahsan I. “Why Did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?” Security Studies, vol. 28, no. 2, Apr. 2019, p. 250. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Butt, Ahsan I. “Why Did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003?” Security Studies 28, no. 2 (April 2019): 250. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Butt AI. Why did the United States Invade Iraq in 2003? Security Studies [Internet]. 2019 Apr [cited 2020 Jul 6];28(2):250. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=136461083&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912