Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?

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  • Additional Information
    • Publication Year:
      2019
    • Subject Terms:
    • Author-Supplied Keywords:
      Child malnutrition
      Egypt. Jordan
      quantile regression
      socio-demographic characteristics
      son preference
      Yemen
    • Abstract:
      Although son preference has been demonstrated in the MENA region with different manifestations and at several phases of human development, the literature remains sparse as far as studies examining the early childhood phase are concerned. The current study aims to explore the presence of a gender bias in child nutrition status and its association with maternal son preference in three Arab countries; namely, Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen. Child nutritional status is measured using the Height-for-Age z-score (HAZ). To examine the presence of gender bias across the entire nutritional distribution, we utilized a quantile regression framework. We use data from the most recent rounds of the Demographic and Health Survey on a nationally representative sample of children aged 0–4 years. Descriptive statistics show that 21.5% of the mothers demonstrate son preference in Yemen compared to 19.10% in Jordan and 13.26% in Egypt. Results of the baseline OLS model demonstrate a robust pro-girl nutrition bias in the three countries. However, results of the quantile regression model show that this pro-girl nutrition bias is only prevalent at the lower segment of the conditional HAZ distribution for Jordan and Yemen and is prevalent across the whole conditional HAZ distribution for Egypt. We also find no statistically significant association between maternal son preference and gender bias in child nutrition in the three countries. Although son preference is manifested in several phases of human development in the MENA region, the current study finds no nutritional bias against girls in the examined countries at early childhood. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Middle East Development Journal is the property of Taylor & Francis Ltd and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      17938120
    • Accession Number:
      139921070
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SHARAF, M. F.; RASHAD, A. S.; MANSOUR, E. I. Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls? Middle East Development Journal, [s. l.], v. 11, n. 2, p. 205, 2019. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 28 mar. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Sharaf MF, Rashad AS, Mansour EI. Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls? Middle East Development Journal. 2019;11(2):205. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed March 28, 2020.
    • APA:
      Sharaf, M. F., Rashad, A. S., & Mansour, E. I. (2019). Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls? Middle East Development Journal, 11(2), 205.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad, and Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour. 2019. “Son Preference and Child Under Nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?” Middle East Development Journal 11 (2): 205. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Sharaf, M. F., Rashad, A. S. and Mansour, E. I. (2019) ‘Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?’, Middle East Development Journal, 11(2), p. 205. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 28 March 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Sharaf, MF, Rashad, AS & Mansour, EI 2019, ‘Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?’, Middle East Development Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, p. 205, viewed 28 March 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, et al. “Son Preference and Child Under Nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?” Middle East Development Journal, vol. 11, no. 2, Dec. 2019, p. 205. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, Ahmed Shoukry Rashad, and Elhussien Ibrahim Mansour. “Son Preference and Child Under Nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls?” Middle East Development Journal 11, no. 2 (December 2019): 205. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Sharaf MF, Rashad AS, Mansour EI. Son Preference and Child Under nutrition in the Arab Countries: Is There a Gender Bias against Girls? Middle East Development Journal [Internet]. 2019 Dec [cited 2020 Mar 28];11(2):205. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edb&AN=139921070&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912