Ekstrak Kulit Buah Kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) Limbah Perkebunan Berpotensi sebagai Akarisida Alami Terhadap Caplak Boophilus microplus. (Indonesian)

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    • Abstract:
      This study was aims to exploit the potential waste of cocoa pod (Theobroma cacao L.) as a natural acaricide in ticks (Boophilus microplus). The study was conducted with a two-variable completely randomized design (CRD) with two repetitions. The sample does not differentiate between sex, body weight, and length of about 0.8 - 1 cm. Each 5 ticks were treated as follows: treat 1 extract of 10% cocoa pod husk; treatment 2 20% cocoa pod skin extract; treatment 3 30% cocoa pod husk extract; treatment 4 negative control; treat 5 positive controls. In the first variable the tick was treated with methanol extract, while in the second variable the ethanol extract was treated with 10%, 20%, 30% respectively, negative control and positive control. In treatment I used 25 ticks plus treatment II 25 ticks. Each treatment was repeated to avoid data bias so that a total of 100 ticks were used. The results showed that the cocoa pod husk extract had the best killing power at a concentration of 30% with methanol solvent at 6.21 hours while ethanol solvent at 5.91 hours. The use of extraction materials has not been able to compensate for the use of synthetic materials that can kill in minutes. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memanfaatkan potensi limbah kulit buah kakao (Theobroma cacao L.) sebagai akarisida alami pada caplak (Boophilus microplus). Penelitian dilakukan dengan rancangan acak lengkap (RAL) dua variabel dengan dua kali perulangan. Sampel tidak membedakan jenis kelamin, bobot badan, dan panjang sekitar 0,8-1 cm. Masing-masing lima ekor caplak diberi perlakuan sebagai berikut: perlakukan 1 ekstrak kulit buah kakao 10 %; perlakuan 2 ekstrak kulit buah kakao 20%; perlakuan 3 ekstrak kulit buah kakao 30 %; perlakuan 4 kontrol negatif; perlakukan 5 kontrol positif. Pada variabel I caplak diberi perlakuan ekstrak metanol, sedangkan pada variabel II diberikan perlakuan ekstrak etanol masing – masing 10%, 20%, 30%, kontrol negatif dan kontrol positif. Pada variabel I caplak yang digunakan 25 ekor ditambah variabel II 25 ekor caplak. Tiap variabel diulang untuk menghindari bias data sehingga total digunakan 100 ekor caplak. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan ekstrak kulit buah kakao memiliki daya membunuh yang paling baik pada konsentrasi 30 % dengan pelarut metanol pada 6,21 jam sedangkan pelarut etanol pada 5,91 jam. Penggunaan bahan ekstraksi belum mampu mengimbangi penggunaan bahan sintetik yang dapat membunuh dalam hitungan menit. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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