NEGRO HARLEM: AN ECOLOGICAL STUDY.

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    • Abstract:
      In contrast to the Negro community in Chicago with a spatial pattern determined almost entirely by the ecological organization of the larger community, the radial expansion of the Harlem Negro community from its center, the area in which Negroes first settled, can be represented by five zones, similar to the pattern of zones of a self- contained city. The expansion of the Negro population coincides with the degree of physical deterioration in these zones as indicated by the proportion of nonresidential structures and lodging-houses, and by the type, age, and condition of residential structures. The ecological organization of the Negro community was indicated in the Significant increases in the proportion of women, children, and married men and women in the population and in the ratio of children to women of child-bearing age of the successive zones marking the outward expansion of the community. Family desertion and the proportion of families on Home Relief declined in the successive zones. The distribution of crime and delinquency did not reveal significant variations from zone to zone. While the concentration of economic, political, and cultural institutions in the first zone distinguished this area as the center of community life, the dispersion of recreational institutions revealed the extent to which the main arteries of travel and the "satellite loops" marred the symmetry of the general pattern. This study indicates that a local community inhabited by a segregated racial or cultural group may develop the same pattern of zones as the larger urban community. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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