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      The article presents the health data of the Negroes in New York City. It reveals the difference between health in the Negro community and the white community. Infant mortality is one of the best indices of social disorganization. In 1900, one hundred thirty-five out of every one thousand children born died before their first birthday in New York City. Modern control of contagious disease, prenatal care, and modern medical knowledge have combined to reduce dramatically this rate until, in 1942 in New York City for the white population, there were only twenty-seven such deaths per one thousand live births. Tuberculosis is another of those diseases medical knowledge has so drastically curtailed. The total of the differences in death rates for Central Harlem as contrasted to the remainder of the city is 15.8 per 1000 for Harlem as contrasted to 10.2 for the city as a whole. This means, if the same rates would apply for Negroes in the remainder of the city, 5.6 deaths more per 1000 Negroes than for the total of the city. The ultimate solution of the problem of Negro health rests in this three-way approach of research, education and legislation.