A NEW ESTIMATE OF THE NEGRO POPULATION AND NEGRO VITAL RATES IN THE UNITED STATES, 1930-60.

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    • Abstract:
      The article presents population statistics for Negroes over the years. The 1960 census resulted in greatly improved age reporting for all populations and especially the Negro population. This was accomplished primarily by computing age from date of birth instead of asking a direct question concerning age at last birthday. A rapid rise in the level of educational attainment and decline in the number of illiterates and quasi-illiterates also helped to improve age reporting among the Negro population. The most reliable data available for the Negro population are the total census count without reference to age and the registration data for deaths by age. By all evidence, the 1960 census was substantially more complete in relative terms than any preceding census since all the measures show the populations reconstructed from census to be larger than the actual count of the earlier census. In the 1950 census Negroes appear to have been more completely enumerated than in either the 1940 or the 1930 census.