CHILDREN'S AIDS-RELATED KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES: VARIATIONS BY GRADE, RACE, GENDER, SOCIOECONOMIC STATUS, AND SIZE OF COMMUNITY.

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    • Abstract:
      This article reports that results of recent epidemiological studies indicate that the incidence of HIV infection is on the rise among heterosexuals, particularly among young adults. Within the last 5 years, there has been a dramatic increase in the number of studies that have focused on preadolescents' understanding of AIDS and provide a base of information on which to build educational interventions. However, little attention has been given to subgroup variations in knowledge and attitudes, information that is needed for the development of educational programs for diverse student populations. The study presented in this article examines variations of preadolescents' knowledge of transmission and willingness to interact with persons with AIDS. It is opined that AIDS education programs should be generally applicable to diverse groups or tailored to characteristics of the target audience that are meaningful with regard to children's understanding of AIDS. In light of variations in incidence of HIV by race and socioeconomic status, it is important to consider how AIDS- related beliefs may vary across subgroups.