乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese)

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  • Author(s): 村越一哲
  • Language:
    Japanese
  • Source:
    Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku; 2017, Vol. 83 Issue 2, p3-24, 22p
  • Additional Information
    • Alternate Title:
      Influence of improvements in nutrition on the decline of the infant mortality rate: a study of infants in Japanese rural areas in the 1930s. (English)
    • Publication Year:
      2017
    • Abstract:
      In this paper, I discuss the cause of the decline in the infant mortality rate in rural areas of Japan in the 1930s. First, based on previous findings, I point out that the decline in the infant mortality rate at that time was due to fewer post-neonatal deaths from common infectious diseases. Then, I propose the following hypothesis to explain the decline in the post-neonatal mortality rate in the pre-war Showa era: although a heavy maternal labour load caused insufficient breastmilk intake, measures taken to improve nutrition intake led to a decline in the infant mortality rate. With respect to the improvement in nutrition, I reveal that infant formula was used in about half of the rural areas, in addition to common supplementary foods such as mashed rice, condensed milk, and whole milk. I conducted a logistic regression analysis to test the assumptions that the increase in the post-neonatal mortality rate was due to heavy maternal labour load, and that the use of infant formula caused this rate to decline. The results of these analyses support the proposed hypothesis. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      本稿は1930年代の農村における乳児死亡率低下の原因究明を目的とする。これまでの研究成果から, まずこの時期に乳児死亡率が低下したのは, 一般的な感染性疾患による新生児後死亡率が低下したためと考えられることを指摘する。あわせて, 昭和戦前期における新生児後死亡率の低下を説明する仮説を導く。女性の「大きい労働負担」によって乳児に「乳汁摂取量不足」が生じたが, 大正期とは異なり「栄養摂取の改善対策」がとられた結果, 「新生児後死亡率低下」が実現した, という内容の仮説である。つぎに, 「栄養摂取の改善対策」の具体的な内容を検討し, 1930年代の農村では穀物類だけでなく, 練乳や牛乳の使用が一般的であったこと, 粉乳が用いられつつあったことなどを示す。さらに,粉乳使用と新生児後死亡率との関係を, ロジスティック回帰分析により検討する。そして女性の「大きい労働負担」は生じていたが, 粉乳使用によって「新生児後死亡率低下」が実現したと解釈できることから, 本稿の検討結果は上述の仮説を支持していると結論する。あわせて粉乳使用の広まりは母子保健の成果と解釈できることも示す。 [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku is the property of Socio-Economic History Society and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      00380113
    • Accession Number:
      126382665
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      村越一哲. 乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese). Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku, [s. l.], v. 83, n. 2, p. 3, 2017. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 18 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      村越一哲. 乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese). Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku. 2017;83(2):3. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed January 18, 2020.
    • APA:
      村越一哲. (2017). 乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese). Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku, 83(2), 3. Retrieved from http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      村越一哲. 2017. “乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese).” Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku 83 (2): 3. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      村越一哲 (2017) ‘乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese)’, Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku, 83(2), p. 3. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 18 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      村越一哲 2017, ‘乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese)’, Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku, vol. 83, no. 2, p. 3, viewed 18 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      村越一哲. “乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese).” Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku, vol. 83, no. 2, July 2017, p. 3. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      村越一哲. “乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese).” Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku 83, no. 2 (July 2017): 3. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      村越一哲. 乳児死亡率低下に与えた「栄養摂取の改善対策」の影響 -- 1930年代の農村... (Japanese). Socio-Economic History / Shakai-Keizai Shigaku [Internet]. 2017 Jul [cited 2020 Jan 18];83(2):3. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edo&AN=126382665&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912