This book critically examines new perspectives on the transformations in Indian diaspora. It studies the changing perspectives on the historical background of the Indian diaspora and analyses fresh and emerging views in response to new configurations in diaspora relations. The volume highlights the transformation of the old Indian diaspora into a new ensemble in which economic, ideological and cultural forces predominate and interact closely. It looks at various themes including Indian indentured emigration to sugar colonies, comparisons between labour migration from India and China, the Girmitiya diaspora, Indian diaspora in Africa and the rise of racial nationalism, India's soft power in the Gulf region, and the repurposing of the ‘Hindutva'idea of India for Western societies, undertaken by diaspora communities. Lucid and topical, this book will be useful for scholars and researchers of diaspora studies, migration studies, political studies, international relations, globalisation, political sociology, sociology and South Asia studies.