Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
      b Department of Environmental and Occupational Health, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA
      c Environmental and Occupational Epidemiology Division, Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, MI, USA
      d Division of Nutrition and Physical Activity, NCCDPHP, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
      e National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
      f Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, GA, USA
    • Keywords:
      Maternal exposures
      Infant health
      Environmental toxicants
      Gestational age
      Birth weight
      PBB
      PCB
    • Abstract:
      Understanding the influence of maternal exposures on gestational age and birth weight is essential given that pre-term and/or low birth weight infants are at risk for increased mortality and morbidity. We performed a retrospective analysis of a cohort exposed to polybrominated biphenyls (PBB) through accidental contamination of cattle feed and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB) through residual contamination in the geographic region. Our study population consisted of 444 mothers and their 899 infants born between 1975 and 1997. Using restricted maximum likelihood estimation, no significant association was found between estimated maternal serum PBB at conception or enrollment PCB levels and gestational age or infant birth weight in unadjusted models or in models that adjusted for maternal age, smoking, parity, infant gender, and decade of birth. For enrollment maternal serum PBB, no association was observed for gestational age. However, a negative association with high levels of enrollment maternal serum PBB and birth weight was suggested. We also examined the birth weight and gestational age among offspring of women with the highest (10%) PBB or PCB exposure, and observed no significant association. Because brominated compounds are currently used in consumer products and therefore, are increasingly prevalent in the environment, additional research is needed to better understand the potential relationship between in utero exposure to brominated compounds and adverse health outcomes.
    • ISSN:
      0045-6535
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031
    • Accession Number:
      S0045653507006431
    • Copyright:
      Copyright @ 2007 Elsevier Ltd All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GIVENS, M. L. et al. Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age. Chemosphere, [s. l.], v. 69, n. 8, p. 1295–1304, 2007. DOI 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0045653507006431&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 21 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Givens ML, Small CM, Terrell ML, et al. Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age. Chemosphere. 2007;69(8):1295-1304. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031.
    • APA:
      Givens, M. L., Small, C. M., Terrell, M. L., Cameron, L. L., Michels Blanck, H., Tolbert, P. E., … Marcus, M. (2007). Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age. Chemosphere, 69(8), 1295–1304. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Givens, Marjory L., Chanley M. Small, Metrecia L. Terrell, Lorraine L. Cameron, Heidi Michels Blanck, Paige E. Tolbert, Carol Rubin, Alden K. Henderson, and Michele Marcus. 2007. “Maternal Exposure to Polybrominated and Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Infant Birth Weight and Gestational Age.” Chemosphere 69 (8): 1295–1304. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031.
    • Harvard:
      Givens, M. L. et al. (2007) ‘Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age’, Chemosphere, 69(8), pp. 1295–1304. doi: 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Givens, ML, Small, CM, Terrell, ML, Cameron, LL, Michels Blanck, H, Tolbert, PE, Rubin, C, Henderson, AK & Marcus, M 2007, ‘Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age’, Chemosphere, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 1295–1304, viewed 21 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Givens, Marjory L., et al. “Maternal Exposure to Polybrominated and Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Infant Birth Weight and Gestational Age.” Chemosphere, vol. 69, no. 8, Jan. 2007, pp. 1295–1304. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Givens, Marjory L., Chanley M. Small, Metrecia L. Terrell, Lorraine L. Cameron, Heidi Michels Blanck, Paige E. Tolbert, Carol Rubin, Alden K. Henderson, and Michele Marcus. “Maternal Exposure to Polybrominated and Polychlorinated Biphenyls: Infant Birth Weight and Gestational Age.” Chemosphere 69, no. 8 (January 1, 2007): 1295–1304. doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2007.05.031.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Givens ML, Small CM, Terrell ML, Cameron LL, Michels Blanck H, Tolbert PE, et al. Maternal exposure to polybrominated and polychlorinated biphenyls: Infant birth weight and gestational age. Chemosphere [Internet]. 2007 Jan 1 [cited 2020 Jan 21];69(8):1295–304. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S0045653507006431&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912