Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin

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  • Additional Information
    • Affiliation:
      a Department of Population Health Sciences, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, 53726, USA
      b Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Medicine, University of Wisconsin, School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53705, USA
    • Note:
      Author contributorship: MLG conducted the analyses and wrote the manuscript. Authors consulted on the study design, implementation, and interpretation drawing from their content or analytical expertise including the following: KCM led data collection efforts in SHOW and consulted on measurement and assessment of environmental and occupational exposures, outcomes, and health disparities; FJN, AS, and CDE on cardiometabolic health; MP on statistical analysis; FJN, PEP, and MCW on survey methods; and FJN and PEP on sleep dysfunction. All authors contributed to manuscript development.
      The project was supported by award number T32HD049302 from the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development or the National Institutes of Health. This project was also supported through the SHOW funded by the National Institutes of Health; National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (1RC2HL101468-01); the UW Wisconsin Partnership (Madison, WI) (06012009); and the UW Institute for Clinical and Translational Research (Madison, WI) (KL2 RR025012). Dr Nieto's contributions were partially supported by the UW Helfaer Endowed Chair (Madison, WI).
    • Keywords:
      Shiftwork
      Insufficient sleep
      Obesity
      Type 2 diabetes
      Health disparities
    • Abstract:
      Background With the expanding demand for a 24-hour society, the prevalence of sleep deprivation and other sleep-related health problems is increasing. Shiftwork is an occupational health risk of growing significance because of its high prevalence and because of its potential role as a determinant of socioeconomic-related health disparities.
    • Abstract:
      Participants and methods A cross-sectional study was conducted among 1593 participants in the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin (2008-2012) who were employed and reported work characteristics (traditional schedule or shiftwork), sleep habits and history of sleep problems (insomnia, insufficient sleep, and wake time sleepiness). Objective measures of body mass index and type 2 diabetes were used.
    • Abstract:
      Results Shiftworkers were more overweight than traditional schedule workers (83% vs 71% with body mass index ≥25) and reported more sleep problems, such as insomnia symptoms (24% vs 16%), insufficient sleep (53% vs 43%), and sleepiness (32% vs 24%). The associations between shiftwork and being overweight or diabetic were stronger among those reporting insufficient sleep, but the interaction was not statistically significant.
    • Abstract:
      Conclusions Shiftworkers face disparities in metabolic health, particularly those with insufficient sleep. Improved understanding of the relationship between sleep and metabolic states can inform health care providers' and employers' efforts to screen high-risk individuals and intervene with workplace wellness initiatives to address these disparities.
    • ISSN:
      2352-7218
    • Accession Number:
      10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014
    • Accession Number:
      S2352721815000753
    • Copyright:
      Copyright © 2015 National Sleep Foundation Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GIVENS, M. L. et al. Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Sleep Health, [s. l.], v. 1, n. 2, p. 115–120, 2015. DOI 10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2352721815000753&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 4 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Givens ML, Malecki KC, Peppard PE, et al. Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Sleep Health. 2015;1(2):115-120. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014.
    • AMA11:
      Givens ML, Malecki KC, Peppard PE, et al. Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Sleep Health. 2015;1(2):115-120. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014
    • APA:
      Givens, M. L., Malecki, K. C., Peppard, P. E., Palta, M., Said, A., Engelman, C. D., Walsh, M. C., & Nieto, F. J. (2015). Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Sleep Health, 1(2), 115–120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Givens, Marjory L., Kristen C. Malecki, Paul E. Peppard, Mari Palta, Adnan Said, Corinne D. Engelman, Matthew C. Walsh, and F. Javier Nieto. 2015. “Shiftwork, Sleep Habits, and Metabolic Disparities: Results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin.” Sleep Health 1 (2): 115–20. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014.
    • Harvard:
      Givens, M. L. et al. (2015) ‘Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin’, Sleep Health, 1(2), pp. 115–120. doi: 10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Givens, ML, Malecki, KC, Peppard, PE, Palta, M, Said, A, Engelman, CD, Walsh, MC & Nieto, FJ 2015, ‘Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin’, Sleep Health, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 115–120, viewed 4 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Givens, Marjory L., et al. “Shiftwork, Sleep Habits, and Metabolic Disparities: Results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin.” Sleep Health, vol. 1, no. 2, June 2015, pp. 115–120. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Givens, Marjory L., Kristen C. Malecki, Paul E. Peppard, Mari Palta, Adnan Said, Corinne D. Engelman, Matthew C. Walsh, and F. Javier Nieto. “Shiftwork, Sleep Habits, and Metabolic Disparities: Results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin.” Sleep Health 1, no. 2 (June 1, 2015): 115–20. doi:10.1016/j.sleh.2015.04.014.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Givens ML, Malecki KC, Peppard PE, Palta M, Said A, Engelman CD, et al. Shiftwork, sleep habits, and metabolic disparities: results from the Survey of the Health of Wisconsin. Sleep Health [Internet]. 2015 Jun 1 [cited 2020 Aug 4];1(2):115–20. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=edselp&AN=S2352721815000753&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912