State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.

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    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To assess state-level progress on eliminating racial disparities in infant mortality. Methods. Using linked infant birth-death files from 1999 to 2013, we calculated state-level 3-year rolling average infant mortality rates (IMRs) and Black-White IMR ratios. We also calculated percentage improvement and a projected year for achieving equality if current trend lines are sustained. Results. We found substantial state-level variation in Black IMRs (range = 6.6-13.8) and Black-White rate ratios (1.5-2.7), and also in percentage relative improvement in IMR (range = 2.7% to 36.5% improvement) and in Black-White rate ratios (from 11.7% relative worsening to 24.0% improvement). Thirteen states achieved statistically significant reductions in Black-White IMR disparities. Eliminating the Black-White IMR gap would have saved 64 876 babies during these 15 years. Eighteen states would achieve IMR racial equality by the year 2050 if current trends are sustained. Conclusions. States are achieving varying levels of progress in reducing Black infant mortality and Black-White IMR disparities. Public Health Implications. Racial equality in infant survival is achievable, but will require shifting our focus to determinants of progress and strategies for success. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • Accession Number:
      10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689
    • Accession Number:
      122460841
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SPEIGHTS, J. S. B. et al. State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 107, n. 5, p. 775–782, 2017. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=122460841&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 19 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Speights JSB, Goldfarb SS, Wells BA, Beitsch L, Levine RS, Rust G. State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013. American Journal of Public Health. 2017;107(5):775-782. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689.
    • APA:
      Speights, J. S. B., Goldfarb, S. S., Wells, B. A., Beitsch, L., Levine, R. S., & Rust, G. (2017). State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013. American Journal of Public Health, 107(5), 775–782. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Speights, Joedrecka S. Brown, Samantha Sittig Goldfarb, Brittny A. Wells, Leslie Beitsch, Robert S. Levine, and George Rust. 2017. “State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.” American Journal of Public Health 107 (5): 775–82. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689.
    • Harvard:
      Speights, J. S. B. et al. (2017) ‘State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013’, American Journal of Public Health, 107(5), pp. 775–782. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Speights, JSB, Goldfarb, SS, Wells, BA, Beitsch, L, Levine, RS & Rust, G 2017, ‘State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 107, no. 5, pp. 775–782, viewed 19 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Speights, Joedrecka S.Brown, et al. “State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 107, no. 5, May 2017, pp. 775–782. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Speights, Joedrecka S. Brown, Samantha Sittig Goldfarb, Brittny A. Wells, Leslie Beitsch, Robert S. Levine, and George Rust. “State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013.” American Journal of Public Health 107, no. 5 (May 2017): 775–82. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.303689.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Speights JSB, Goldfarb SS, Wells BA, Beitsch L, Levine RS, Rust G. State-Level Progress in Reducing the Black-White Infant Mortality Gap, United States, 1999-2013. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2017 May [cited 2020 Jan 19];107(5):775–82. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=122460841&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912