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    • Abstract:
      The article analyzes the pattern of rural crime covered by the expression "bootlegging" in terms of Negro youth in Eastern North Carolina on probation for violations of the Federal Revenue Act. This form of anti-social behavior is condoned by folkways of their particular group, and the culture of the rural area involved is such as to foster its development. The youth studied are handicapped by a socio-economic environment which neither encourages education and participation in organized group activities nor provides adequate work opportunities. The direction in which the youth go depends fundamentally Upon the availability of a type of economic Opportunity to which they can adjust in a socially approved manner. Fundamental to the solution of the problem is basic change in the social and economic situation. The institutional, agricultural, and rural-industrial resources of the rural South need to be developed so as to provide opportunity for all youth. Only when such development occurs will it be possible effectively to counteract the forces which have produced youthful Negro bootleggers.