Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States.

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  • Additional Information
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objectives. To explore the effect of Medicaid expansion on US infant mortality rate. Methods. We examined data from 2010 to 2016 and 2014 to 2016 to compare infant mortality rates in states and Washington, DC, that accepted the Affordable Care Act Medicaid expansion (Medicaid expansion states) and states that did not (non-Medicaid expansion states), stratifying data by race/ethnicity. Results. Mean infant mortality rate in non-Medicaid expansion states rose (6.4 to 6.5) from 2014 to 2016 but declined in Medicaid expansion states (5.9 to 5.6). Mean difference in infant mortality rate in Medicaid expansion versus non-Medicaid expansion states increased from 0.573 (P = .08) in 2014 to 0.838 in 2016 (P = .006) because of smaller declines in non-Medicaid expansion (11.0%) than in Medicaid expansion (15.2%) states. The 14.5% infant mortality rate decline from 11.7 to 10.0 in African American infants in Medicaid expansion states was more than twice that in non-Medicaid expansion states (6.6%: 12.2 to 11.4; P = .012). Conclusions. Infant mortality rate decline was greater in Medicaid expansion states, with greater declines among African American infants. Future research should explore what aspects of Medicaid expansion may improve infant survival. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
      Copyright of American Journal of Public Health is the property of American Public Health Association and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)
    • ISSN:
      0090-0036
    • Accession Number:
      10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218
    • Accession Number:
      128351397
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      BHATT, C. B.; BECK-SAGUÉ, C. M. Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 108, n. 4, p. 565–567, 2018. DOI 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=128351397&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 12 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Bhatt CB, Beck-Sagué CM. Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States. American Journal of Public Health. 2018;108(4):565-567. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218.
    • APA:
      Bhatt, C. B., & Beck-Sagué, C. M. (2018). Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 108(4), 565–567. https://doi.org/10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Bhatt, Chintan B., and Consuelo M. Beck-Sagué. 2018. “Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States.” American Journal of Public Health 108 (4): 565–67. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218.
    • Harvard:
      Bhatt, C. B. and Beck-Sagué, C. M. (2018) ‘Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States’, American Journal of Public Health, 108(4), pp. 565–567. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Bhatt, CB & Beck-Sagué, CM 2018, ‘Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States’, American Journal of Public Health, vol. 108, no. 4, pp. 565–567, viewed 12 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Bhatt, Chintan B., and Consuelo M. Beck-Sagué. “Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States.” American Journal of Public Health, vol. 108, no. 4, Apr. 2018, pp. 565–567. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Bhatt, Chintan B., and Consuelo M. Beck-Sagué. “Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States.” American Journal of Public Health 108, no. 4 (April 2018): 565–67. doi:10.2105/AJPH.2017.304218.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Bhatt CB, Beck-Sagué CM. Medicaid Expansion and Infant Mortality in the United States. American Journal of Public Health [Internet]. 2018 Apr [cited 2019 Dec 12];108(4):565–7. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=128351397&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912