Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study.

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    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      BACKGROUND: Numerous studies show associations between fine particulate air pollutants [particulate matter with an aerodynamic diameter ≤ 10 µm (PM10)] and mortality in adults. OBJECTIVES: We investigated short-term effects of elevated PM10 levels on infant mortality in Flanders, Belgium, and studied whether the European Union (EU) limit value protects infants from the air pollution trigger. METHODS: In a case-crossover analysis, we estimated the risk of dying from nontraumatic causes before 1 year of age in relation to outdoor PM10 concentrations on the day of death. We matched control days on temperature to exclude confounding by variations in daily temperature. RESULTS: During the study period (1998-2006), PM10 concentration averaged 31.9 ± 13.8 µg/m3. In the entire study population (n = 2,382), the risk of death increased by 4% [95% confidence interval (CI), 0-8%; p = 0.045] for a 10-µg/m3 increase in daily mean PM10. However, this association was significant only for late neonates (2-4 weeks of age; n = 372), in whom the risk of death increased by 11% (95% CI, 1-22%; p = 0.028) per 10-µg/m3 increase in PM10. In this age class, infants were 1.74 (95% CI, 1.18-2.58; p = 0.006) times more likely to die on days with a mean PM10 above the EU limit value of 50 µg/m3 than on days below this cutoff. CONCLUSIONS: Even in an affluent region in Western Europe, where infant mortality is low, days with higher PM air pollution are associated with an increased risk of infant mortality. Assuming causality, the current EU limit value for PM10, which may be exceeded on 35 days/year, does not prevent PM10 from triggering mortality in late neonates. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
    • Abstract:
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    • Full Text Word Count:
      6381
    • ISSN:
      0091-6765
    • Accession Number:
      10.1289/ehp.1002913
    • Accession Number:
      63884476
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SCHEERS, H. et al. Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study. Environmental Health Perspectives, [s. l.], v. 119, n. 7, p. 1017–1022, 2011. DOI 10.1289/ehp.1002913. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=63884476&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 6 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Scheers H, Mwalili SM, Faes C, Fierens F, Nemery B, Nawrot TS. Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2011;119(7):1017-1022. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002913.
    • AMA11:
      Scheers H, Mwalili SM, Faes C, Fierens F, Nemery B, Nawrot TS. Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study. Environmental Health Perspectives. 2011;119(7):1017-1022. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002913
    • APA:
      Scheers, H., Mwalili, S. M., Faes, C., Fierens, F., Nemery, B., & Nawrot, T. S. (2011). Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study. Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(7), 1017–1022. https://doi.org/10.1289/ehp.1002913
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Scheers, Hans, Samuel M. Mwalili, Christel Faes, Frans Fierens, Benoit Nemery, and Tim S. Nawrot. 2011. “Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study.” Environmental Health Perspectives 119 (7): 1017–22. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002913.
    • Harvard:
      Scheers, H. et al. (2011) ‘Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study’, Environmental Health Perspectives, 119(7), pp. 1017–1022. doi: 10.1289/ehp.1002913.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Scheers, H, Mwalili, SM, Faes, C, Fierens, F, Nemery, B & Nawrot, TS 2011, ‘Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study’, Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 119, no. 7, pp. 1017–1022, viewed 6 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Scheers, Hans, et al. “Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study.” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 119, no. 7, July 2011, pp. 1017–1022. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1289/ehp.1002913.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Scheers, Hans, Samuel M. Mwalili, Christel Faes, Frans Fierens, Benoit Nemery, and Tim S. Nawrot. “Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study.” Environmental Health Perspectives 119, no. 7 (July 2011): 1017–22. doi:10.1289/ehp.1002913.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Scheers H, Mwalili SM, Faes C, Fierens F, Nemery B, Nawrot TS. Does Air Pollution Trigger Infant Mortality in Western Europe? A Case-Crossover Study. Environmental Health Perspectives [Internet]. 2011 Jul [cited 2020 Aug 6];119(7):1017–22. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=heh&AN=63884476&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912