Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity?

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    • Abstract:
      BACKGROUND Maternal education-infant health gradients are flatter among foreign-born mothers than U.S.-born mothers; However, because common metrics of infant health are less predictive of infant mortality for some racial/ethnic and nativity groups, further study of maternal education-infant mortality gradients is necessary. OBJECTIVE We investigate whether maternal education-infant mortality gradients vary by race/ethnicity and nativity among infants born to mothers in the United States. METHODS We use data from the 1998-2002 National Vital Statistics Birth Cohort Linked Birth/Infant Death Data published by the National Center for Health Statistics (N = 17,520,140) to estimate logistic regression models predicting infant, neonatal, and postneonatal mortality by race/ethnicity and nativity. RESULTS The negative associations between maternal education and infant mortality are stronger for US-born mothers than foreign-born mothers. Among both groups, Non-Hispanic whites have the highest returns to education and Non-Hispanic blacks have the lowest returns. While foreign-born mothers are less likely to have an infant die than their native-born counterparts, this advantage is largest at the lowest levels of education and converges at the highest levels of education . For most racial/ethnic groups, the maternal education-infant mortality gradient is steeper during the postneonatal period than during the neonatal period. CONCLUSIONS The maternal education-infant mortality gradient varies substantially by the timing of infant death, race/ethnicity, and nativity. CONTRIBUTION This study extends the literature on nativity disparities in infant health by documenting how the maternal education-infant mortality gradient varies by nativity within racial/ethnic groups. To our knowledge, this is the first study to produce these estimates. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
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    • Author Affiliations:
      1University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, USA
      2Princeton University, Princeton, USA
    • ISSN:
      1435-9871
    • Accession Number:
      10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25
    • Accession Number:
      138588894
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GREEN, T.; HAMILTON, T. G. Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity? Demographic Research, [s. l.], v. 41, p. 713–752, 2019. DOI 10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=her&AN=138588894&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 15 dez. 2019.
    • AMA:
      Green T, Hamilton TG. Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity? Demographic Research. 2019;41:713-752. doi:10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25.
    • APA:
      Green, T., & Hamilton, T. G. (2019). Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity? Demographic Research, 41, 713–752. https://doi.org/10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Green, Tiffany, and Tod G. Hamilton. 2019. “Maternal Educational Attainment and Infant Mortality in the United States: Does the Gradient Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Nativity?” Demographic Research 41 (July): 713–52. doi:10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25.
    • Harvard:
      Green, T. and Hamilton, T. G. (2019) ‘Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity?’, Demographic Research, 41, pp. 713–752. doi: 10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Green, T & Hamilton, TG 2019, ‘Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity?’, Demographic Research, vol. 41, pp. 713–752, viewed 15 December 2019, .
    • MLA:
      Green, Tiffany, and Tod G. Hamilton. “Maternal Educational Attainment and Infant Mortality in the United States: Does the Gradient Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Nativity?” Demographic Research, vol. 41, July 2019, pp. 713–752. EBSCOhost, doi:10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Green, Tiffany, and Tod G. Hamilton. “Maternal Educational Attainment and Infant Mortality in the United States: Does the Gradient Vary by Race/Ethnicity and Nativity?” Demographic Research 41 (July 2019): 713–52. doi:10.4054/DemRes.2019.41.25.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Green T, Hamilton TG. Maternal educational attainment and infant mortality in the United States: Does the gradient vary by race/ethnicity and nativity? Demographic Research [Internet]. 2019 Jul [cited 2019 Dec 15];41:713–52. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=her&AN=138588894&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912