Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe.

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  • Author(s): Knapp VJ
  • Source:
    Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d'histoire de la medecine [Can Bull Med Hist] 1998; Vol. 15 (2), pp. 317-36.
  • Publication Type:
    Historical Article; Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: University of Toronto Press Country of Publication: Canada NLM ID: 101130981 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 0823-2105 (Print) Linking ISSN: 08232105 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Can Bull Med Hist Subsets: History of Medicine
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: 2016- : Toronto : University of Toronto Press
      Original Publication: [Waterloo, Ont.] : Published by Wilfrid Laurier University Press for the Canadian Society for the History of Medicine, c1987-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Statistics initially developed as a recognized field in the social sciences in the middle of the nineteenth century. The European medical profession first made use of mounting statistical evidence to dramatize infant mortality, one of the great social problems of the century. Those telling statistics amply demonstrated the general proportions of the problem as well as pinpointing the fact that a large percentage of the dying was neonatal in character. The medical profession also insisted that these infants were passing away from a series of ailments. Number one on their list was what they called debility, followed by respiratory disorders, gastro-intestinal problems, and convulsions. While nineteenth-century European medicine did not necessarily solve this social problem, it did evidently convince the larger society that these high tolls were morally unacceptable.
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20011020 Date Completed: 20000111 Latest Revision: 20191105
    • Publication Date:
      20200527
    • Accession Number:
      11624069
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      KNAPP, V. J. Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe. Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine, [s. l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 317–336, 1998. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 5 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Knapp VJ. Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe. Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine. 1998;15(2):317-336. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed August 5, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Knapp VJ. Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe. Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine. 1998;15(2):317-336. Accessed August 5, 2020. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • APA:
      Knapp, V. J. (1998). Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe. Canadian Bulletin of Medical History = Bulletin Canadien d’histoire de La Medecine, 15(2), 317–336.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Knapp, V J. 1998. “Major Medical Explanations for High Infant Mortality in Nineteenth-Century Europe.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History = Bulletin Canadien d’histoire de La Medecine 15 (2): 317–36. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Knapp, V. J. (1998) ‘Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe’, Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine, 15(2), pp. 317–336. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 5 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Knapp, VJ 1998, ‘Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe’, Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 317–336, viewed 5 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Knapp, V. J. “Major Medical Explanations for High Infant Mortality in Nineteenth-Century Europe.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History = Bulletin Canadien d’histoire de La Medecine, vol. 15, no. 2, 1998, pp. 317–336. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Knapp, V J. “Major Medical Explanations for High Infant Mortality in Nineteenth-Century Europe.” Canadian Bulletin of Medical History = Bulletin Canadien d’histoire de La Medecine 15, no. 2 (1998): 317–36. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Knapp VJ. Major medical explanations for high infant mortality in nineteenth-century Europe. Canadian bulletin of medical history = Bulletin canadien d’histoire de la medecine [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2020 Aug 5];15(2):317–36. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=11624069&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912