[Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination].

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  • Author(s): Langner G
  • Source:
    Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research [Hist Soz Forsch] 1998; Vol. 23 (1-2), pp. 299-326.
  • Publication Type:
    English Abstract; Journal Article
  • Language:
    German
  • Additional Information
    • Transliterated Title:
      Schatzung von Sauglingssterblichkeit und Lebenserwartung im Zeitalter des imperium romanum: Methodenkritische Untersuchung.
    • Source:
      Publisher: Klett-Cotta Country of Publication: Germany NLM ID: 100967855 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 0173-2145 (Print) Linking ISSN: 01732145 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Hist Soz Forsch
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: Stuttgart [Germany] : Klett-Cotta, 1979-
    • Subject Terms:
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Indexing Agency: IND Local ID #: RH88055. Indexing Agency: POP Local ID #: 00279925.
      Keywords: Data Collection; Data Sources*; Demographic Analysis; Demographic Factors; Demography; Developed Countries; Europe; Historical Demography*; Infant Mortality*; Length Of Life; Life Expectancy*; Life Table Method; Life Tables*; Methodological Studies*; Mortality; Population; Population Dynamics; Research Methodology; Social Sciences
      Note: TJ: HISTORICAL SOCIAL RESEARCH/HISTORISCHE SOZIALFORSCHUNG
      Local Abstract: [PIP] "The first available written source in human history relating to the description of the life expectancy of a living population is a legal text which originates from the Roman jurist Ulpianus (murdered in AD 228). In contrast to the prevailing opinion in demography, I not only do consider the text to be of ¿historical interest'...but to be a document of inestimable worth for evaluating the population survival probability in the Roman empire. The criteria specified by Ulpianus are in line with the ¿pan-human' survival function as described by modern model life tables, when based on adulthood. Values calculated from tomb inscriptions follow the lowest level of the model life tables as well and support Ulpianus' statements. The specifications by Ulpianus for the population of the Roman world empire as a whole in the ¿best fit' with modern life tables lead to an average level of 20 years of life expectancy. As a consequence a high infant mortality rate of almost 400 [per thousand] can be concluded resulting in no more than three children at the age of five in an average family in spite of a high fertility rate." (EXCERPT)
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20020815 Date Completed: 19990106 Latest Revision: 20161021
    • Publication Date:
      20181210
    • Accession Number:
      12178163
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      LANGNER, G. [Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]. Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research, [s. l.], v. 23, n. 1–2, p. 299–326, 1998. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 28 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Langner G. [Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]. Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research. 1998;23(1-2):299-326. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed February 28, 2020.
    • APA:
      Langner, G. (1998). [Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]. Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research, 23(1–2), 299–326.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Langner, G. 1998. “[Estimation of Infant Mortality and Life Expectancy in the Time of the Roman Empire: A Methodological Examination].” Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research 23 (1–2): 299–326. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Langner, G. (1998) ‘[Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]’, Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research, 23(1–2), pp. 299–326. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 28 February 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Langner, G 1998, ‘[Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]’, Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research, vol. 23, no. 1–2, pp. 299–326, viewed 28 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Langner, G. “[Estimation of Infant Mortality and Life Expectancy in the Time of the Roman Empire: A Methodological Examination].” Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research, vol. 23, no. 1–2, 1998, pp. 299–326. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Langner, G. “[Estimation of Infant Mortality and Life Expectancy in the Time of the Roman Empire: A Methodological Examination].” Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research 23, no. 1–2 (1998): 299–326. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Langner G. [Estimation of infant mortality and life expectancy in the time of the Roman Empire: a methodological examination]. Historische Sozialforschung = Historical Social Research [Internet]. 1998 [cited 2020 Feb 28];23(1–2):299–326. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=12178163&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912