[Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death].

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  • Additional Information
    • Transliterated Title:
      Litlir fyrirburar á Islandi 1991-95. Ahaettuthaettir fyrir burdarmálsog nýburadauda.
    • Source:
      Publisher: Icelandic Medical Association and the Medical Society of Reykjavik Country of Publication: Iceland NLM ID: 7901326 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 0023-7213 (Print) Linking ISSN: 00237213 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Laeknabladid Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: Reykjavik : Icelandic Medical Association and the Medical Society of Reykjavik
      Original Publication: Reykjavik, Domus Medica
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Objective: Survival of extremely low birthweight infants with birthweight <1000 g (ELBW) has increased in recent years, parallel to decline in perinatal mortality rate. This study was part of a geographically defined national study on survival, health, development and longterm outcome of ELBW infants in Iceland 1991-95 focusing on infant and maternal health risk factors affecting infant survival.
      Material and Methods: Information was collected from the National Birth Registry on births and survival of ELBW infants weighing 500-999 g born in Iceland 1991-95. Information was obtained from hospital records of all liveborn ELBW infants and their mothers regarding maternal health, pregnancy, birth, diseases in the newborn period, lifespan and causes of death. Information on causes of death was collected from autopsy records of deceased infants. Comparison was made between the deceased ELBW infants and the control infants that survived.
      Results: The study group consisted of 28 infants that died and a control group of 32 infants that survived. Most of the infants died in the first 24 hours after birth (47%). There was no significant difference in birthweight in the two groups nor regarding age of mothers, smoking, alcohol use and medication. Nearly all mothers of deceased infants (97%) had health problems during the pregnancy, compared to 66% mothers in the control group. Mothers of deceased infants had significantly more common infections (p=0.004). Significant difference was found regarding respiratory distress syndrome and intraventricular hemorrhage in infants that died (p=0.001).
      Conclusions: The results of the study support that short pregnancy, infection during pregnancy and intraventricular hemorrhage were the main risk factors causing death of ELBW infants in the perinatal and neonatal period in 1991-95.
    • Comments:
      Comment in: Laeknabladid. 2009 Feb;95(2):105. (PMID: 19197107)
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20090207 Date Completed: 20090326 Latest Revision: 20090206
    • Publication Date:
      20200527
    • Accession Number:
      19197108
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      THÓRARINSDÓTTIR, B. K. et al. [Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]. Laeknabladid, [s. l.], v. 95, n. 2, p. 107–111, 2009. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 6 ago. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Thórarinsdóttir BK, Georgsdóttir I, Jóhannsson JH, Dagbjartsson A. [Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]. Laeknabladid. 2009;95(2):107-111. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed August 6, 2020.
    • AMA11:
      Thórarinsdóttir BK, Georgsdóttir I, Jóhannsson JH, Dagbjartsson A. [Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]. Laeknabladid. 2009;95(2):107-111. Accessed August 6, 2020. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • APA:
      Thórarinsdóttir, B. K., Georgsdóttir, I., Jóhannsson, J. H., & Dagbjartsson, A. (2009). [Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]. Laeknabladid, 95(2), 107–111.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Thórarinsdóttir, Brynja K, Ingibjörg Georgsdóttir, Jóhann Heidar Jóhannsson, and Atli Dagbjartsson. 2009. “[Extremely Low Birthweight Infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk Factors for Perinatal and Neonatal Death].” Laeknabladid 95 (2): 107–11. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Thórarinsdóttir, B. K. et al. (2009) ‘[Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]’, Laeknabladid, 95(2), pp. 107–111. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 6 August 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Thórarinsdóttir, BK, Georgsdóttir, I, Jóhannsson, JH & Dagbjartsson, A 2009, ‘[Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]’, Laeknabladid, vol. 95, no. 2, pp. 107–111, viewed 6 August 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Thórarinsdóttir, Brynja K., et al. “[Extremely Low Birthweight Infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk Factors for Perinatal and Neonatal Death].” Laeknabladid, vol. 95, no. 2, Feb. 2009, pp. 107–111. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Thórarinsdóttir, Brynja K, Ingibjörg Georgsdóttir, Jóhann Heidar Jóhannsson, and Atli Dagbjartsson. “[Extremely Low Birthweight Infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk Factors for Perinatal and Neonatal Death].” Laeknabladid 95, no. 2 (February 2009): 107–11. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Thórarinsdóttir BK, Georgsdóttir I, Jóhannsson JH, Dagbjartsson A. [Extremely low birthweight infants in Iceland 1991-95. Risk factors for perinatal and neonatal death]. Laeknabladid [Internet]. 2009 Feb [cited 2020 Aug 6];95(2):107–11. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=19197108&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912