Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis.

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  • Author(s): Sharaf MF;Sharaf MF; Rashad AS; Rashad AS
  • Source:
    Health Economics Review [Health Econ Rev] 2016 Dec; Vol. 6 (1), pp. 23. Date of Electronic Publication: 2016 Jun 07.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: BioMed Central Country of Publication: Germany NLM ID: 101583209 Publication Model: Print-Electronic Cited Medium: Print ISSN: 2191-1991 (Print) Linking ISSN: 21911991 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Health Econ Rev Subsets: PubMed not MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: [2018]- : [London, United Kingdom] : BioMed Central
      Original Publication: Heidelberg : Springer Berlin
    • Abstract:
      There is substantial evidence that on average, urban children have better health outcomes than rural children. This paper investigates the underlying factors that account for the regional disparities in child malnutrition in three Arab countries, namely; Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen. We use data on a nationally representative sample from the most recent rounds of the Demographic and Health Survey. A Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis is conducted to decompose the rural-urban differences in child nutrition outcomes into two components; one that is explained by regional differences in the level of the determinants (covariate effects), and another component that is explained by differences in the effect of the determinants on the child nutritional status (coefficient effects). Results show that the under-five stunting rates are 20 % in Egypt, 46.5 % in Yemen, and 7.7 % in Jordan. The rural- urban gap in child malnutrition was minor in the case of Egypt (2.3 %) and Jordan (1.5 %), while the regional gap was significant in the case of Yemen (17.7 %). Results of the Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition show that the covariate effect is dominant in the case of Yemen while the coefficients effect dominates in the case of Jordan. Income inequality between urban and rural households explains most of the malnutrition gap. Results were robust to the different decomposition weighting schemes. By identifying the underlying factors behind the rural- urban health disparities, the findings of this paper help in designing effective intervention measures aimed at reducing regional inequalities and improving population health outcomes.
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    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition; Child malnutrition; Egypt; Jordan; Rural-urban inequality; Yemen
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20160609 Date Completed: 20160609 Latest Revision: 20181113
    • Publication Date:
      20181211
    • Accession Number:
      10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3
    • Accession Number:
      27271178
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      SHARAF, M. F.; RASHAD, A. S. Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis. Health Economics Review, [s. l.], v. 6, n. 1, p. 23, 2016. DOI 10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=27271178&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 26 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Sharaf MF, Rashad AS. Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis. Health Economics Review. 2016;6(1):23. doi:10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3.
    • APA:
      Sharaf, M. F., & Rashad, A. S. (2016). Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis. Health Economics Review, 6(1), 23. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, and Ahmed Shoukry Rashad. 2016. “Regional Inequalities in Child Malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis.” Health Economics Review 6 (1): 23. doi:10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3.
    • Harvard:
      Sharaf, M. F. and Rashad, A. S. (2016) ‘Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis’, Health Economics Review, 6(1), p. 23. doi: 10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Sharaf, MF & Rashad, AS 2016, ‘Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis’, Health Economics Review, vol. 6, no. 1, p. 23, viewed 26 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, and Ahmed Shoukry Rashad. “Regional Inequalities in Child Malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis.” Health Economics Review, vol. 6, no. 1, Dec. 2016, p. 23. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Sharaf, Mesbah Fathy, and Ahmed Shoukry Rashad. “Regional Inequalities in Child Malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: A Blinder-Oaxaca Decomposition Analysis.” Health Economics Review 6, no. 1 (December 2016): 23. doi:10.1186/s13561-016-0097-3.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Sharaf MF, Rashad AS. Regional inequalities in child malnutrition in Egypt, Jordan, and Yemen: a Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition analysis. Health Economics Review [Internet]. 2016 Dec [cited 2020 Jan 26];6(1):23. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=27271178&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912