[Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective].

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  • Author(s): Groß D;Groß D; Wilhelmy S; Wilhelmy S
  • Source:
    Der Pathologe [Pathologe] 2017 Sep; Vol. 38 (5), pp. 396-401.
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article; Review
  • Language:
    German
  • Additional Information
    • Transliterated Title:
      Klinische Obduktionen aus medizinethischer Sicht.
    • Source:
      Publisher: Springer-Verlag Country of Publication: Germany NLM ID: 8006541 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1432-1963 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 01728113 NLM ISO Abbreviation: Pathologe Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: Berlin, New York, Springer-Verlag.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Autopsy quotas in Germany are persistently low. By way of providing an explanation, the (ethical) reservations of the general population against autopsies are presented.
      Objective: Normative assessment of clinical autopsies, elaboration of ethically relevant arguments for and against autopsies and review of the suspected reservations of the general population.
      Material and Methods: Reanalysis of the literature, review of qualitative and quantitative studies on the subject field and discussion of the verified ethical argumentation figures.
      Results: Historical prejudices (e.g. recruitment practice, popular belief and religious reservations) have long been inhibiting the acceptance of clinical autopsies. The current discussion on clinical autopsy is often focused on normative arguments and while autopsy critics primarily argue from an individual ethical perspective, autopsy advocates primarily argue from a social ethics viewpoint. Quantitative studies, however, prove that the majority of the population today has no (ethical) reservations against autopsies.
      Conclusion: Although most reasons for the persistently low autopsy rate are primarily structural and motivational, some normative implications relating to these aspects remain.
    • References:
      NTM. 2000;8(2):103-15. (PMID: 11639152)
      Dtsch Med Wochenschr. 2002 Apr 12;127(15):791-5. (PMID: 11951136)
      Pathologe. 2011 Nov;32 Suppl 2:277-81. (PMID: 21805100)
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Acceptance; Autopsy quota; Historical prejudice; Individual ethics; Social ethics
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20170806 Date Completed: 20190114 Latest Revision: 20190114
    • Publication Date:
      20190115
    • Accession Number:
      10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3
    • Accession Number:
      28779216
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      GROSS, D.; WILHELMY, S. [Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]. Der Pathologe, [s. l.], v. 38, n. 5, p. 396–401, 2017. DOI 10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=28779216&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 25 fev. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Groß D, Wilhelmy S. [Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]. Der Pathologe. 2017;38(5):396-401. doi:10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3.
    • APA:
      Groß, D., & Wilhelmy, S. (2017). [Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]. Der Pathologe, 38(5), 396–401. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Groß, D, and S Wilhelmy. 2017. “[Clinical Autopsies from a Medical Ethics Perspective].” Der Pathologe 38 (5): 396–401. doi:10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3.
    • Harvard:
      Groß, D. and Wilhelmy, S. (2017) ‘[Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]’, Der Pathologe, 38(5), pp. 396–401. doi: 10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Groß, D & Wilhelmy, S 2017, ‘[Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]’, Der Pathologe, vol. 38, no. 5, pp. 396–401, viewed 25 February 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Groß, D., and S. Wilhelmy. “[Clinical Autopsies from a Medical Ethics Perspective].” Der Pathologe, vol. 38, no. 5, Sept. 2017, pp. 396–401. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Groß, D, and S Wilhelmy. “[Clinical Autopsies from a Medical Ethics Perspective].” Der Pathologe 38, no. 5 (September 2017): 396–401. doi:10.1007/s00292-017-0328-3.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Groß D, Wilhelmy S. [Clinical autopsies from a medical ethics perspective]. Der Pathologe [Internet]. 2017 Sep [cited 2020 Feb 25];38(5):396–401. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=28779216&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912