Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh.

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  • Author(s): van Soest A;van Soest A; Saha UR; Saha UR
  • Source:
    Plos One [PLoS One] 2018 Apr 27; Vol. 13 (4), pp. e0195940. Date of Electronic Publication: 20180427 (Print Publication: 2018).
  • Publication Type:
    Journal Article
  • Language:
    English
  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Public Library of Science Country of Publication: United States NLM ID: 101285081 Publication Model: eCollection Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 1932-6203 (Electronic) Linking ISSN: 19326203 NLM ISO Abbreviation: PLoS ONE Subsets: MEDLINE
    • Publication Information:
      Original Publication: San Francisco, CA : Public Library of Science
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Although research on the fertility response to childhood mortality is widespread in demographic literature, very few studies focused on the two-way causal relationships between infant mortality and fertility. Understanding the nature of such relationships is important in order to design effective policies to reduce child mortality and improve family planning. In this study, we use dynamic panel data techniques to analyse the causal effects of infant mortality on birth intervals and fertility, as well as the causal effects of birth intervals on mortality in rural Bangladesh, accounting for unobserved heterogeneity and reverse causality. Simulations based upon the estimated model show whether (and to what extent) mortality and fertility can be reduced by breaking the causal links between short birth intervals and infant mortality. We find a replacement effect of infant mortality on total fertility of about 0.54 children for each infant death in the comparison area with standard health services. Eliminating the replacement effect would lengthen birth intervals and reduce the total number of births, resulting in a fall in mortality by 2.45 children per 1000 live births. These effects are much smaller in the treatment area with extensive health services and information on family planning, where infant mortality is smaller, birth intervals are longer, and total fertility is lower. In both areas, we find evidence of boy preference in family planning.
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    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20180428 Date Completed: 20180720 Latest Revision: 20181114
    • Publication Date:
      20181211
    • Accession Number:
      10.1371/journal.pone.0195940
    • Accession Number:
      29702692
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      VAN SOEST, A.; SAHA, U. R. Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh. Plos One, [s. l.], v. 13, n. 4, p. e0195940, 2018. DOI 10.1371/journal.pone.0195940. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29702692&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 28 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      van Soest A, Saha UR. Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh. Plos One. 2018;13(4):e0195940. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195940.
    • APA:
      van Soest, A., & Saha, U. R. (2018). Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh. Plos One, 13(4), e0195940. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0195940
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      van Soest, Arthur, and Unnati Rani Saha. 2018. “Relationships between Infant Mortality, Birth Spacing and Fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh.” Plos One 13 (4): e0195940. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195940.
    • Harvard:
      van Soest, A. and Saha, U. R. (2018) ‘Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh’, Plos One, 13(4), p. e0195940. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0195940.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      van Soest, A & Saha, UR 2018, ‘Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh’, Plos One, vol. 13, no. 4, p. e0195940, viewed 28 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      van Soest, Arthur, and Unnati Rani Saha. “Relationships between Infant Mortality, Birth Spacing and Fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh.” Plos One, vol. 13, no. 4, Apr. 2018, p. e0195940. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195940.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      van Soest, Arthur, and Unnati Rani Saha. “Relationships between Infant Mortality, Birth Spacing and Fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh.” Plos One 13, no. 4 (April 27, 2018): e0195940. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0195940.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      van Soest A, Saha UR. Relationships between infant mortality, birth spacing and fertility in Matlab, Bangladesh. Plos One [Internet]. 2018 Apr 27 [cited 2020 Jan 28];13(4):e0195940. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=29702692&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912