Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study.

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  • Additional Information
    • Source:
      Publisher: Medknow Country of Publication: India NLM ID: 0400673 Publication Model: Print Cited Medium: Internet ISSN: 0019-557X (Print) Linking ISSN: 0019557X NLM ISO Abbreviation: Indian J Public Health
    • Publication Information:
      Publication: <2010- > : Mumbai : Medknow
      Original Publication: Calcutta : Indian Public Health Association
    • Subject Terms:
    • Abstract:
      Background: Long-term reductions in infant mortality (IM) are possible only by addressing the distal determinants.
      Objectives: The objective of the present study was to determine the relationship between IM and its major distal determinants in rural India.
      Methods: The dependent variable used in the study was state wise IM rate (IMR), the values of which were obtained from the Sample Registration System, 2015. State level literacy rate in females, unemployment rates of females, GINI index, and round-the-clock neonatal services in primary health centers in the rural areas and the per capita gross state domestic product at purchasing power parity (GSDP at PPP) of the states, were used as the predictor variables for IM. Relationship between the variables was obtained by the Pearson's correlation coefficient. Bivariate and multivariable linear regressions were used to identify the magnitude and direction of the predictors on IM.
      Results: Correlation statistics showed none or weak positive correlation between the Gini coefficient and 24 × 7 primary health-care services and IMR. There was a strong negative correlation between female literacy rate and IMR, while the unemployment rates and per capita gross state domestic product (GSDP) were moderately negatively correlated to IMR. Bivariate analysis revealed that, for unit increase in unemployment rates in females, proportion of literate women, and 1000$ increase in the GSDP at current prices, IMR decreased by 0.07, 0.763, and 1.702, respectively. However, after adjustment, only the female literacy rates showed significant association with IMR.
      Conclusions: Of the major determinants included in the study, rural female literacy is the most important distal determinant of IM in rural areas of India.
    • Contributed Indexing:
      Keywords: Ecology; India; infant mortality; linear regression; rural
    • Publication Date:
      Date Created: 20190319 Date Completed: 20190805 Latest Revision: 20190805
    • Publication Date:
      20190806
    • Accession Number:
      10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18
    • Accession Number:
      30880734
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      MUKHERJEE, A.; BHATTACHERJEE, S.; DASGUPTA, S. Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study. Indian Journal Of Public Health, [s. l.], v. 63, n. 1, p. 27–32, 2019. DOI 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=30880734&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 31 mar. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Mukherjee A, Bhattacherjee S, Dasgupta S. Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study. Indian Journal Of Public Health. 2019;63(1):27-32. doi:10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18.
    • APA:
      Mukherjee, A., Bhattacherjee, S., & Dasgupta, S. (2019). Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study. Indian Journal Of Public Health, 63(1), 27–32. https://doi.org/10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Mukherjee, Abhijit, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, and Samir Dasgupta. 2019. “Determinants of Infant Mortality in Rural India: An Ecological Study.” Indian Journal Of Public Health 63 (1): 27–32. doi:10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18.
    • Harvard:
      Mukherjee, A., Bhattacherjee, S. and Dasgupta, S. (2019) ‘Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study’, Indian Journal Of Public Health, 63(1), pp. 27–32. doi: 10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18.
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Mukherjee, A, Bhattacherjee, S & Dasgupta, S 2019, ‘Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study’, Indian Journal Of Public Health, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 27–32, viewed 31 March 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Mukherjee, Abhijit, et al. “Determinants of Infant Mortality in Rural India: An Ecological Study.” Indian Journal Of Public Health, vol. 63, no. 1, Jan. 2019, pp. 27–32. EBSCOhost, doi:10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Mukherjee, Abhijit, Sharmistha Bhattacherjee, and Samir Dasgupta. “Determinants of Infant Mortality in Rural India: An Ecological Study.” Indian Journal Of Public Health 63, no. 1 (January 2019): 27–32. doi:10.4103/ijph.IJPH_59_18.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Mukherjee A, Bhattacherjee S, Dasgupta S. Determinants of infant mortality in rural India: An ecological study. Indian Journal Of Public Health [Internet]. 2019 Jan [cited 2020 Mar 31];63(1):27–32. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=mdc&AN=30880734&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912