Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964

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  • Author(s): Trafzer, Clifford E.
  • Publication Information:
    East Lansing, Mich : Michigan State University Press. 1997
  • Additional Information
    • Publication Type:
      eBook.
    • Abstract:
      Clifford Trafzer's disturbing new work, Death Stalks the Yakama, examines life, death, and the shockingly high mortality rates that have persisted among the fourteen tribes and bands living on the Yakama Reservation in the state of Washington. The work contains a valuable discussion of Indian beliefs about spirits, traditional causes of death, mourning ceremonies, and memorials. More significant, however, is Trafzer's research into heretofore unused parturition and death records from 1888-1964. In these documents, he discovers critical evidence to demonstrate how and why many reservation people died in'epidemics'of pneumonia, tuberculosis, and heart disease. Death Stalks the Yakama, takes into account many variables, including age, gender, listed causes of death, residence, and blood quantum. In addition, analyses of fetal and infant mortality rates as well as crude death rates arising from tuberculosis, pneumonia, heart disease, accidents, and other causes are presented. Trafzer argues that Native Americans living on the Yakama Reservation were, in fact, in jeopardy as a result of the'reservation system'itself. Not only did this alien and artificial culture radically alter traditional ways of life, but sanitation methods, housing, hospitals, public education, medicine, and medical personnel affiliated with the reservation system all proved inadequate, and each in its own way contributed significantly to high Yakama death rates.
    • Subject Terms:
    • Subject Terms:
    • Related ISBNs:
      9780870134630. 9780585188225. 9780870139604.
    • Accession Number:
      44958428
    • Accession Number:
      22813
    • Publication Information:
      Print/Save 100 pages
      Copy/Paste Allowed
  • Citations
    • ABNT:
      TRAFZER, C. E. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press, 1997. ISBN 9780870134630. Disponível em: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Acesso em: 25 jan. 2020.
    • AMA:
      Trafzer CE. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press; 1997. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912. Accessed January 25, 2020.
    • APA:
      Trafzer, C. E. (1997). Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press. Retrieved from http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912
    • Chicago/Turabian: Author-Date:
      Trafzer, Clifford E. 1997. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Harvard:
      Trafzer, C. E. (1997) Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press. Available at: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912 (Accessed: 25 January 2020).
    • Harvard: Australian:
      Trafzer, CE 1997, Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964, Michigan State University Press, East Lansing, Mich, viewed 25 January 2020, .
    • MLA:
      Trafzer, Clifford E. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. Michigan State University Press, 1997. EBSCOhost, widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Chicago/Turabian: Humanities:
      Trafzer, Clifford E. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press, 1997. http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912.
    • Vancouver/ICMJE:
      Trafzer CE. Death Stalks the Yakama : Epidemiological Transitions and Mortality on the Yakama Indian Reservation, 1888-1964 [Internet]. East Lansing, Mich: Michigan State University Press; 1997 [cited 2020 Jan 25]. Available from: http://widgets.ebscohost.com/prod/customlink/proxify/proxify.php?count=1&encode=0&proxy=&find_1=&replace_1=&target=http://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&site=eds-live&db=nlebk&AN=22813&authtype=sso&custid=s5834912