'A very important and long-awaited major contribution to the debate... Her work cannot be ignored.'--Nils Petter Gleditsch, Journal of Peace Research'Barbieri builds on a solid foundation of work on trade and conflict and specifies the conditions under which trade reduces and increases conflict.... The bottom line is that this is an important book in the study of trade and conflict because of its comprehensive approach.'--Kathy L. Powers, Perspectives on Politics'Barbieri's analysis reveals the fundamental and intellectual weaknesses of the various arguments on this topic. [A] solid and timely contribution to the literature'--Choice The Liberal Illusion sheds light on an increasingly important question in international relations scholarship and the domain of policy making-whether international trade promotes peace. By examining a broad range of theories about trade's impact on interstate relations and undertaking a set of empirical analyses of the trade-conflict puzzle, Katherine Barbieri provides a comprehensive assessment of the liberal view that trade promotes peace. Barbieri's stunning conclusions depart from conventional wisdom in international relations. Consequently, The Liberal Illusion serves as an important counterargument and a warning call to policymakers who rely upon trade-based strategies to promote peace, strategies that appear to offer little hope of achieving their goals.